Infarct extent by MRI corelates with peak serum troponin level in the canine model

Robert P. Gallegos, Cory Swingen, Xunhai James Xu, Xiaoen Wang, Richard Bianco, Michael Jerosch-Herold, R. Morton Bolman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Serum Troponin I is used routinely as an adjunct to EKG for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI); however, a correlation between marker level and infarct size has yet to be documented in vivo. We report findings from a chronic coronary artery ligation model in the canine (n = 12) in which peak Troponin I is related to infarct size as determined by high-resolution cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Methods All animals underwent a left anterior thoracotomy to allow for ligation of the left anterior descending artery. Evidence of myocardial infarction, including EKG changes, elevated Troponin I, along with visual reduction in perfusion and wall motion, was noted in all animals. Thirty days after surgical intervention, cine MRI and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed. Dedicated analysis software was used to quantify global infarction size, LV function and to map regions of MI to a 3D model of the left ventricle. Results A linear relationship between infarct extent and peak Troponin I level exists (r = 0.98, P < 0.0001). In addition, we observed a negative trend between infarct extent, peak Troponin I, and ejection fraction. Conclusion The findings of this study indicate that Troponin I and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging provide a more accurate estimation of infarct size than was previously reported using markers with less sensitivity and imaging modalities of lower spatial resolution and viability imaging capability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-271
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

Keywords

  • MRI
  • Troponin I
  • biological markers
  • blood immunoassay
  • myocardial infarction

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