Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry as a reference method for silicon estimation by near infrared spectroscopy and potential application to global-scale studies of plant chemistry

Kathleen M Quigley, Amanda G Althoff, George L Donati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) is used to produce reference calibration samples for Si determination in plants by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). A certified reference material (CRM) of hay was used to validate the ICP OES reference procedure, which is based on strong base digestion in an autoclave. No statistically significant difference was observed between certified and ICP OES-determined values at a 95% confidence level (t-test). The limit of detection (LOD) for this procedure was calculated as 10 μg/L (0.05% m/m). A calibration dataset with 346 plant samples (including grass, forbs, legumes, woody plants, and bryophytes) was analyzed by the reference procedure and the results were used to create a partial least squares (PLS) regression model to determine Si in dried, ground plant samples by NIRS. We explored options for optimizing NIRS predictive strength, and excluding bryophytes from the calibration set resulted in a PLS model with a validation R2 of 0.83. The optimal NIRS model was then used to determine Si concentrations in more than 800 samples. Plant functional types exhibited significant variation in their Si concentration, with most legumes and woody plants presenting values below the method's LOD. Silicon concentrations in the 0.05–4.46, 0.07–1.00, and 0.11–4.67% range were found for forbs (n = 179), legumes (n = 23), and graminoids (n = 398), respectively. NIRS is non-destructive and requires virtually no sample preparation and almost no training prior to instrument operation. The rapid determination of Si by NIRS is a powerful strategy for global-scale analyses of plants. It is a simple, effective and relatively low-cost approach, with important implications on food crop, livestock forage and ecological theory research.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume129
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry as a reference method for silicon estimation by near infrared spectroscopy and potential application to global-scale studies of plant chemistry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this