Induction of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity in canine lymphocytes with low dose human recombinant interleukin-2 in vitro

S. C. Helfand, S. A. Soergel, J. F. Modiano, J. A. Hank, P. M. Sondel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunostimulatory cytokine that induces activation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) which can mediate augmented tumor cytotoxicity. Several regimens using IL-2 as treatment for metastatic melanoma and renal carcinoma have shown measurable tumor responses in 10-20% of human patients. Our overall goals are to determine the efficacy of IL-2 as an adjuvant treatment for canine tumors. In order to evaluate the possibility to extend the use of IL-2 in vivo in the dog, we examined the ability of a clinically relevant (low) dose of human recombinant IL-2 (100 units/ml) to enhance the tumoricidal properties of canine PBL in vitro. This was particularly important considering the need to establish the effects on canine PBL by IL-2 at a dose that is potentially achievable in vivo with acceptable side effects. Our data show, for the first time, the ability to separate canine natural killer (NK) cell activity from lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity (induced with a low IL-2 dose) mediated by canine PBL against two canine cell lines (CTAC and CML-10) used as targets in 4 vs. 16 hour killing assays. LAK cells generated by stimulation of canine PBL with 100 units/ml of IL-2 for 72 hours, could kill CTAC or CML-10 targets up to 11 or 18 times more efficiently, respectively, than fresh PBL in a 4 hour assay. However, the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was only 2- to 3-fold greater than that of the fresh PBL in a 16 hour assay. This apparent reduction in the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was mostly due to increased spontaneous NK activity by the fresh PBL after 16 hours in culture; both the LAK cells and the fresh PBL (NK cells) mediated a greater overall cytotoxicity after 16 hours than they did in the 4 hour assays. These results indicate that a low dose of human recombinant IL-2 can augment tumor killing by canine PBL in vitro, and suggest that it may be feasible to examine the potential use of IL-2 as an immunotherapeutic agent in tumor-bearing dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Biotherapy
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

Lymphokines
Interleukin-2
Canidae
Lymphocytes
Lymphokine-Activated Killer Cells
Neoplasms
Natural Killer Cells
In Vitro Techniques
Dogs
Melanoma
Cytokines
Carcinoma
Kidney
Cell Line

Cite this

Induction of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity in canine lymphocytes with low dose human recombinant interleukin-2 in vitro. / Helfand, S. C.; Soergel, S. A.; Modiano, J. F.; Hank, J. A.; Sondel, P. M.

In: Cancer Biotherapy, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.01.1994, p. 237-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{446d844394394738beda4e1579ca0f14,
title = "Induction of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity in canine lymphocytes with low dose human recombinant interleukin-2 in vitro",
abstract = "Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunostimulatory cytokine that induces activation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) which can mediate augmented tumor cytotoxicity. Several regimens using IL-2 as treatment for metastatic melanoma and renal carcinoma have shown measurable tumor responses in 10-20{\%} of human patients. Our overall goals are to determine the efficacy of IL-2 as an adjuvant treatment for canine tumors. In order to evaluate the possibility to extend the use of IL-2 in vivo in the dog, we examined the ability of a clinically relevant (low) dose of human recombinant IL-2 (100 units/ml) to enhance the tumoricidal properties of canine PBL in vitro. This was particularly important considering the need to establish the effects on canine PBL by IL-2 at a dose that is potentially achievable in vivo with acceptable side effects. Our data show, for the first time, the ability to separate canine natural killer (NK) cell activity from lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity (induced with a low IL-2 dose) mediated by canine PBL against two canine cell lines (CTAC and CML-10) used as targets in 4 vs. 16 hour killing assays. LAK cells generated by stimulation of canine PBL with 100 units/ml of IL-2 for 72 hours, could kill CTAC or CML-10 targets up to 11 or 18 times more efficiently, respectively, than fresh PBL in a 4 hour assay. However, the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was only 2- to 3-fold greater than that of the fresh PBL in a 16 hour assay. This apparent reduction in the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was mostly due to increased spontaneous NK activity by the fresh PBL after 16 hours in culture; both the LAK cells and the fresh PBL (NK cells) mediated a greater overall cytotoxicity after 16 hours than they did in the 4 hour assays. These results indicate that a low dose of human recombinant IL-2 can augment tumor killing by canine PBL in vitro, and suggest that it may be feasible to examine the potential use of IL-2 as an immunotherapeutic agent in tumor-bearing dogs.",
author = "Helfand, {S. C.} and Soergel, {S. A.} and Modiano, {J. F.} and Hank, {J. A.} and Sondel, {P. M.}",
year = "1994",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/cbr.1994.9.237",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "237--244",
journal = "Cancer Biotherapy",
issn = "1062-8401",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Induction of lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) activity in canine lymphocytes with low dose human recombinant interleukin-2 in vitro

AU - Helfand, S. C.

AU - Soergel, S. A.

AU - Modiano, J. F.

AU - Hank, J. A.

AU - Sondel, P. M.

PY - 1994/1/1

Y1 - 1994/1/1

N2 - Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunostimulatory cytokine that induces activation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) which can mediate augmented tumor cytotoxicity. Several regimens using IL-2 as treatment for metastatic melanoma and renal carcinoma have shown measurable tumor responses in 10-20% of human patients. Our overall goals are to determine the efficacy of IL-2 as an adjuvant treatment for canine tumors. In order to evaluate the possibility to extend the use of IL-2 in vivo in the dog, we examined the ability of a clinically relevant (low) dose of human recombinant IL-2 (100 units/ml) to enhance the tumoricidal properties of canine PBL in vitro. This was particularly important considering the need to establish the effects on canine PBL by IL-2 at a dose that is potentially achievable in vivo with acceptable side effects. Our data show, for the first time, the ability to separate canine natural killer (NK) cell activity from lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity (induced with a low IL-2 dose) mediated by canine PBL against two canine cell lines (CTAC and CML-10) used as targets in 4 vs. 16 hour killing assays. LAK cells generated by stimulation of canine PBL with 100 units/ml of IL-2 for 72 hours, could kill CTAC or CML-10 targets up to 11 or 18 times more efficiently, respectively, than fresh PBL in a 4 hour assay. However, the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was only 2- to 3-fold greater than that of the fresh PBL in a 16 hour assay. This apparent reduction in the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was mostly due to increased spontaneous NK activity by the fresh PBL after 16 hours in culture; both the LAK cells and the fresh PBL (NK cells) mediated a greater overall cytotoxicity after 16 hours than they did in the 4 hour assays. These results indicate that a low dose of human recombinant IL-2 can augment tumor killing by canine PBL in vitro, and suggest that it may be feasible to examine the potential use of IL-2 as an immunotherapeutic agent in tumor-bearing dogs.

AB - Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an immunostimulatory cytokine that induces activation of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) which can mediate augmented tumor cytotoxicity. Several regimens using IL-2 as treatment for metastatic melanoma and renal carcinoma have shown measurable tumor responses in 10-20% of human patients. Our overall goals are to determine the efficacy of IL-2 as an adjuvant treatment for canine tumors. In order to evaluate the possibility to extend the use of IL-2 in vivo in the dog, we examined the ability of a clinically relevant (low) dose of human recombinant IL-2 (100 units/ml) to enhance the tumoricidal properties of canine PBL in vitro. This was particularly important considering the need to establish the effects on canine PBL by IL-2 at a dose that is potentially achievable in vivo with acceptable side effects. Our data show, for the first time, the ability to separate canine natural killer (NK) cell activity from lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell activity (induced with a low IL-2 dose) mediated by canine PBL against two canine cell lines (CTAC and CML-10) used as targets in 4 vs. 16 hour killing assays. LAK cells generated by stimulation of canine PBL with 100 units/ml of IL-2 for 72 hours, could kill CTAC or CML-10 targets up to 11 or 18 times more efficiently, respectively, than fresh PBL in a 4 hour assay. However, the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was only 2- to 3-fold greater than that of the fresh PBL in a 16 hour assay. This apparent reduction in the killing efficiency of the LAK cells was mostly due to increased spontaneous NK activity by the fresh PBL after 16 hours in culture; both the LAK cells and the fresh PBL (NK cells) mediated a greater overall cytotoxicity after 16 hours than they did in the 4 hour assays. These results indicate that a low dose of human recombinant IL-2 can augment tumor killing by canine PBL in vitro, and suggest that it may be feasible to examine the potential use of IL-2 as an immunotherapeutic agent in tumor-bearing dogs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028171482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028171482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/cbr.1994.9.237

DO - 10.1089/cbr.1994.9.237

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 237

EP - 244

JO - Cancer Biotherapy

JF - Cancer Biotherapy

SN - 1062-8401

IS - 3

ER -