Inducing Experimental Polymicrobial Sepsis by Cecal Ligation and Puncture

Frances V. Sjaastad, Isaac J. Jensen, Roger R. Berton, Vladimir P. Badovinac, Thomas S. Griffith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerous models are available for the preclinical study of sepsis, and they fall into one of three general categories: (1) administration of exogenous toxins (e.g., lipopolysaccharide, zymosan), (2) virulent bacterial or viral challenge, and (3) host barrier disruption, e.g., cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) or colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP). Of the murine models used to study the pathophysiology of sepsis, CLP combines tissue necrosis and polymicrobial sepsis secondary to autologous fecal leakage, as well as hemodynamic and biochemical responses similar to those seen in septic humans. Further, a transient numerical reduction of multiple immune cell types, followed by development of prolonged immunoparalysis, occurs in CLP-induced sepsis just as in humans. Use of the CLP model has led to a vast expansion in knowledge regarding the intricate physiological and cellular changes that occur during and after a septic event. This updated article details the steps necessary to perform this survival surgical technique, as well as some of the obstacles that may arise when evaluating the sepsis-induced changes within the immune system. It also provides representative monoclonal antibody (mAb) panels for multiparameter flow cytometric analysis of the murine immune system in the septic host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e110
JournalCurrent Protocols in Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020


  • cecal ligation and puncture
  • CLP
  • sepsis
  • septic shock
  • surgical murine model
  • systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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