Objectives: In this retrospective study, we report a series of benign lymph nodes showing small populations of normal B-cell precursors characterized by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Methods: Ten cases identified during clinical flow cytometry practice were retrospectively reanalyzed with particular attention to hematogone categorization and enumeration. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on five excisional lymph node biopsy specimens to characterize the morphologic correlate. Results: Populations of hematogones ranging from 0.13% to 1.86% (median, 0.51%) of all viable leukocytes were demonstrated in 10 benign lymph node samples from eight different patients ranging in age from 17 to 45 years (median, 37.5). These hematogones showed a characteristic immunophenotype (CD19+/CD10+) and maturational pattern by flow cytometry, with progression from stage 1 (median, 0.03%) to stage 2 (median, 0.19%) to stage 3 (median, 0.26%) seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining on five excisional biopsy specimens demonstrated a distinct perisinusoidal distribution of CD10+/CD20+cells with a subset of TdT+cells, providing a morphologic correlate. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to characterize distinct hematogone populations within benign lymph nodes by both flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Recognizing these normal B-cell precursor populations is important to avoid their miscategorization as a CD10+ B-cell neoplasm.
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- B-lineage precursors
- Flow cytometry
- Lymph nodes
- Lymphoid hyperplasia
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article