Independent and Co-morbid HIV Infection and Meth Use Disorders on Oxidative Stress Markers in the Cerebrospinal Fluid and Depressive Symptoms

Jun Panee, Xiaosha Pang, Sody Munsaka, Marla J. Berry, Linda Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both HIV infection and Methamphetamine (Meth) use disorders are associated with greater depressive symptoms and oxidative stress; whether the two conditions would show additive or interactive effects on the severity of depressive symptoms, and whether this is related to the level of oxidative stress in the CNS is unknown. 123 participants were evaluated, which included 41 HIV-seronegative subjects without substance use disorders (Control), 25 with recent (<6 months) moderate to severe Meth use disorders (Meth), 34 HIV-seropositive subjects without substance use disorders (HIV) and 23 HIV+Meth subjects. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and oxidative stress markers were evaluated with glutathione (GSH), 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), and activities of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Compared with Controls, HIV subjects had higher levels of HNE (+350 %) and GGT (+27 %), and lower level of GSH (−34 %), while Meth users had higher levels of GPx activity (+23 %) and GSH (+30 %). GGT correlated with GPx, and with age, across all subjects (p < 0.0001). CES-D scores correlated with CSF HNE levels only in Control and HIV groups, but not in Meth and HIV+Meth groups. HIV and Meth use had an interactive effects on depressive symptoms, but did not show additive or interactive effects on oxidative stress. The differential relationship between depressive symptoms and oxidative stress response amongst the four groups suggest that depressive symptoms in these groups are mediated through different mechanisms which are not always related to oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Depression
  • Glutathione
  • HIV
  • Methamphetamine
  • Oxidative stress

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