Independence: What they did not teach you in statistics 101

Thomas R. Clancy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


As systems evolve over time, their natural tendency is to become increasingly more complex. Studies in the field of complex systems have generated new perspectives on management in social organizations such as hospitals. Much of this research appears as a natural extension of the cross-disciplinary field of systems theory. This is the sixth in a series of articles applying complex systems science to the traditional management concepts of planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling. This article presents important concepts presented in previous articles, including independence, emergence, self-organization, nonlinearity, and fractals, to name a few.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-370
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nursing Administration
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008


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