Background: Longitudinal associations between the aminoterminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and incident hypertension are lacking. Methods: We tested associations between baseline NT-proBNP (bNT-proBNP) and change in NT-proBNP (ΔNT-proBNP) (visit 3 NT-proBNP - bNT-proBNP, 3.2 years apart) with incident hypertension (SBP ≥ 140 and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg or taking antihypertensive medications). Incident hypertension was evaluated in 5596 individuals in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis without hypertension at baseline (53% women, age range 45-84 years without overt cardiovascular disease) and follow-up for 9.5 years and in a subgroup (1550) who had bNT-proBNP less than 100 pg/ml and no hypertension at visit 3. Incident hypertension was regressed (proportional hazards) on quintiles of bNT-proBNP (range) (reference <19.2, 19.3-40.8, 40.9-70.9, 71-135.2, and >135.5) and also on ΔNT-proBNP categories (reference <-10, -10 to 10, >10 to 50, and >50 pg/ml). Hazard ratios were adjusted for age, race, sex, education, diabetes, obesity, left ventricle mass/height, SBP and DBP, interleukin-6, salt intake, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and exercise. Results: Compared with the reference category, hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for incident hypertension compared with the first quintile of bNT-proBNP were 1.47 (1.13-1.93), 1.57 (1.18-2.09), 1.52 (1.12-2.06), and 2.36 (1.62-3.41). Hazard ratios for incident hypertension by categories of ΔNT-proBNP from 3.2 to 9.5 years follow-up were 0.98 (0.62-1.56), 1.13 (0.72-1.79), and 1.82 (1.07-3.12). Conclusion: The development of hypertension tended to be preceded by elevated levels of bNT-proBNP or a substantial positive ΔNT-proBNP.
- Aminoterminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
- Change in aminoterminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
- Risk factor
- Subclinical atherosclerosis