Increased Killing of Staphylococci and Streptococci by Daptomycin Compared with Cefazolin and Vancomycin in an In Vitro Peritoneal Dialysate Model

Elizabeth D. Hermsen, Laurie B. Hovde, John R. Hotchkiss, John C Rotschafer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peritoneal dialysate fluid (PDF) is a bacteriostatic medium that compromises the antibacterial activity of cell wall-active agents. By use of an in vitro static model, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis (MSSE), and Streptococcus sanguis were exposed to daptomycin at concentrations of 10, 30, and 100 mg/liter, cefazolin at 125 mg/liter, and vancomycin at 25 mg/liter in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton Broth or Todd Hewitt Broth (for S. sanguis) and PDF at pHs of 5.5 and 7.4. The pH had no effect on antibacterial activity. Neither cefazolin nor vancomycin produced a bactericidal or a bacteriostatic effect versus MRSA, MSSA, MSSE, or S. sanguis in PDF, while all concentrations of daptomycin were bactericidal against all organisms in PDF. Daptomycin did not exhibit concentration-dependent activity in PDF. Daptomycin appears to be a promising agent for use in peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis, producing bacterial kill to a greater extent and at a higher rate than cefazolin or vancomycin in PDF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3764-3767
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

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