Previous studies from our laboratory have indicated possible interactions between opioidergic and dopaminergic neurons in the central nervous system. In this study, apomorphine-induced locomotor activity and the D1 and D2 subtype dopamine receptor binding were examined in mice lacking the μ-opioid receptor genes. The ambulatory time, vertical time and total motor distance of locomotor activity were measured after administration of apomorphine (2mg/kg, i.p.) for a period of 90min. The autoradiographic studies of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors were conducted using [3H] SCH23390 and [3H] raclopride as ligand, respectively. In wild type mice that received apomorphine, 2mg/kg, i.p., the locomotor activity such as ambulatory time, vertical time and total motor distance were not significantly altered as compared with that of the saline control group. However, the locomotor activity measured was significantly increased in the same dose of apomorphine treated μ-opioid receptor knockout mice between 5 and 40min after administration. The results obtained also show that the binding of D2 dopamine receptor in μ-opioid receptor knockout mice was significantly higher than that of the wild type in the caudate putamen. However, the binding of the D1 dopamine receptor in μ-opioid receptor knockout mice was not significantly different from that of the wild type. It appears that the apomorphine treated μ-opioid receptor knockout mice showed enhancement in locomotor activity. The enhanced locomotor activity may be related to the compensatory up-regulation of D2 dopamine receptors in mice lacking μ-opioid receptor genes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors wish to thank Dr. I.A. Paul and Dr. B. Lee for their equipment and advice and Ann Pace for her editorial assistance on this manuscript. This study was supported by the Human Science Grant Foundation of Japan.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- D1 and D2 receptors
- Locomotor activity
- μ-Opioid receptor knockout mice