Increased cardiac fatty acid uptake with dobutamine infusion in swine is accompanied by a decrease in malonyl CoA levels

Jennifer L. Hall, Gary D. Lopaschuk, Amy Barr, John Bringas, Robert D. Pizzurro, William C. Stanley

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59 Scopus citations


Objective: Malonyl CoA is an important regulator of fatty acid oxidation in the heart secondary to its ability to inhibit carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT 1). Malonyl CoA is produced from acetyl CoA in a reaction catalyzed by acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC). In this study we determined if alterations in malonyl CoA regulation of fatty acid metabolism are involved in the increase in energy transduction seen following an increase in cardiac work. Methods: Anesthetized, open-chest, domestic swine were subjected to a 30 min control period followed by a 30 min treatment period with either dobutamine (15 μg · kg-1 · min-1 i.v.) (n = 6) or saline (n = 6). Results: Heart rate, left ventricular peak dp/dt, and MVO2, were significantly increased in the dobutamine group compared to the saline group during the treatment period. Free fatty acid and glucose uptake were increased 210 and 248%, respectively, in the dobutamine group during the treatment period. Malonyl CoA content was decreased by 55% (from 0.40 ± 0.05 to 0.18 ± 0.12 nmol/g wet wt; P < 0.05) with dobutamine treatment, but was not affected by saline treatment. ACC activity was not significantly different between groups (0.31 ± 0.02 vs. 0.30 ± 0.04 nmol · min-1 · mg protein-1, respectively). The activity of AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK), which phosphorylates and inactivates ACC, was also not significantly different in the dobutamine hearts compared to the saline hearts (322 ± 26 vs. 338 ± 39 pmol · min-1 · mg protein-1, respectively). Conclusion: The increased cardiac work following dobutamine infusion is accompanied by a decrease in malonyl CoA levels and an increase in fatty acid uptake. However, the decrease in malonyl CoA cannot be explained by a decrease in ACC activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)879-885
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • dobutamine
  • fatty acids
  • pig, anesthetized
  • protein kinase C


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