Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported in part by NIH grants R25DK099080 and R25HL124208 and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
Dr. Allison has received personal payments or promises for same from the following: American Society for Nutrition; American Statistical Association; BioFortis; California Walnut Commission; Columbia University; Fish & Richardson, P.C.; Frontiers Publishing; Henry Stewart Talks; IKEA; Indiana University; Laura and John Arnold Foundation; Johns Hopkins University; Law Offices of Ronald Marron; MD Anderson Cancer Center; Medical College of Wisconsin; National Institutes of Health (NIH); Sage Publishing; The Obesity Society; Tomasik, Kotin & Kasserman LLC; University of Alabama at Birmingham; University of Miami; Nestle; WW (formerly Weight Watchers International, LLC). Donations to a foundation have been made on his behalf by the Northarvest Bean Growers Association. Dr. Allison is an unpaid member of the International Life Sciences Institute North America Board of Trustees. Dr. Allison’s institution, Indiana University, has received funds to support his research or educational activities from as follows: NIH; Alliance for Potato Research and Education; American Federation for Aging Research; Dairy Management Inc.; Herbalife; Laura and John Arnold Foundation; National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, Oxford University Press, the Sloan Foundation, The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and numerous other for-profit and non-profit organizations to support the work of the School of Public Health and the university more broadly. Dr. Allison’s prior institution, the University of Alabama at Birmingham, received gifts, contracts, and grants from other organizations including the Coca-Cola Company, Pepsi, and Dr. Pepper/Snapple. In the last 12 months, Dr. Brown has received travel expenses from the University of Louisville and grants through his institution from Dairy Management, Inc. and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. He has been involved in research for which his institution or colleagues have received grants from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NIH/NHLBI, NIH/NIA, NIH/NIDDK, and Sloan Foundation. The other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.