Inosine, a purine nucleoside containing the hypoxanthine (HX) nucleobase, can form in DNA via hydrolytic deamination of adenine. Due to its structural similarity to guanine and the geometry of Watson-Crick base pairs, inosine can mispair with cytosine upon catalysis by DNA polymerases, leading to AT→GC mutations. Additionally, inosine plays an essential role in purine nucleotide biosynthesis, and inosine triphosphate is present in living cells. In a recent publication, Averill and Jung examined the possibility of polη catalyzed incorporation of deoxyinosine triphosphate (dITP) across dC and dT in a DNA template. They found that dITP can be incorporated across C or T, with the ratio of 13.7. X ray crystallography studies revealed that the mutagenic incorporation of dITP by human polη was affected by several factors including base pair geometry in the active site of the polymerase, tautomerization of nucleobases, and the interaction of the incoming dITP nucleotide with active site residues of polη. This study demonstrates that TLS incorporation of inosine monophosphate (IMP) into growing DNA chains contributes to its mutagenic potential in cells.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s).
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural