Inclusion of adults with disability in Australia: Outcomes, legislation and issues

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10 Scopus citations


This paper focuses on adults with disability and their inclusion in Australian society by examining various outcomes: community living, community participation and inclusive social roles such as open (competitive) employment, participation in university education, as well as use of generic community services like public transport. Australian disability services legislation provides clear support for inclusion, but implementation is inconsistent and segregated services remain common. Available outcomes data indicate that Australian disability service users are more to likely experience greater inclusion if they live in more normalised and less segregated settings. Australia has a history of segregated disability services and inaccessible community services that it is working to overcome. There is a growing but still a limited inclusion for adults in key adult roles such as open employment and university education. Significant progress has been made in areas as diverse as deinstitutionalisation and increased accessibility to public transport, but much remains to be done.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1063
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 3 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Australia
  • community living
  • disability
  • employment
  • inclusion
  • intellectual disability


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