Incidence of positive pelvic lymph nodes in patients with prostate cancer, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of < or =10 ng/mL and biopsy Gleason score of < or =6, and their influence on PSA progression-free survival after radical prostatectomy. Weckermann D, Goppelt M, Dorn R, Wawroschek F, Harzmann R, Department of Urology, Klinikum Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate how many men with low-risk prostate cancer had positive lymph nodes detected by radio-guided surgery and whether they had a higher biochemical relapse rate after radical prostatectomy, because in such patients most urologists dispense with operative lymph node staging, as nomograms indicate only a low percentage of lymph node metastases. Patients and Methods: The study included 474 men with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of < or = 10 ng/mL, biopsy Gleason score of < or = 6 and positive biopsies in one (group 1, 315 men) or both lobes (group 2, 159 men); follow-up data were available in 357 men. Men with adjuvant radiation or hormone therapy before the occurrence of biochemical relapse were excluded. Results: Positive lymph nodes were detected in 17 men in group 1, and in 18 in group 2. In more than half of the patients (19/35) these nodes were found outside the region of standard lymphadenectomy. Men with node-positive disease had a higher biochemical relapse rate (P < 0.001). When the tumour was organ-confined and well differentiated in node-positive disease (Gleason score < or = 6) the biochemical relapse rate was lower than in men with higher tumour stage and grade. Conclusions: When dissecting pelvic lymph nodes, extended or sentinel lymphadenectomy should be preferred. Removing the diseased nodes could improve the PSA progression-free survival, especially in well differentiated organ-confined disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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