Incidence of canine leptospirosis in the metropolitan area of Curitiba, State of Paraná, Southern Brazil

Camila Marinelli Martins, Cristiane da Conceição de Barros, Claudia Martins Galindo, Mariana Kikuti, Leila Sabrina Ullmann, Raquel dos Santos Pampuch, Juliano Leônidas Hoffmann, Helio Langoni, Fernando Ferreira, Marcelo Beltrão Molento, Alexander Welker Biondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The incidence of canine leptospirosis in Brazil needs to be assessed. Methods: The same dogs in southern Brazil were sampled over two years to determine the prevalence, incidence and association of canine leptospirosis with various risk factors. Results: In 2009, the prevalence was 33 (14.4%) of 228 dogs, with a predominance of serovar Canicola (33.4%). In 2010, 90 dogs were re-evaluated (the remaining dogs were lost to deaths, address changes and donations), and the prevalence was found to be 35 (38.9%) of 90, with the predominant serovar being Icterohaemorrhagiae (51.4%). Moreover, the incidence was 26 of 90 (28.9%), and the disease was statistically associated with age (2009) and street access (2010). Conclusions: Our findings revealed instability in the dog population and age to be relevant risk factors for canine leptospirosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-775
Number of pages4
JournalRevista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dogs
  • Prevalence
  • Serology

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