Inactivation of Salmonella spp. on tomatoes by plant molecules

Tyler E. Mattson, Anup Kollanoor Johny, Mary Anne Roshni Amalaradjou, Karen More, David T. Schreiber, Jitu Patel, Kumar Venkitanarayanan

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56 Scopus citations


The efficacy of carvacrol (CAR), trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), eugenol (EUG) and β-resorcylic acid (BR) as a wash treatment for reducing Salmonella spp. on tomatoes was investigated. Plum tomatoes inoculated with a six-serotype mixture of Salmonella (108CFU) were subjected to washing in sterile deionized water (control) or deionized water containing chlorine (100ppm), CAR (0.25 and 0.75%), TC (0.5 and 0.75%), EUG (0.25 and 0.75%), or BR (0.75 and 1.0%) for 15sec, 1min, and 3min. The plant molecules were more effective (P<0.05) in reducing Salmonella on tomatoes compared to washing in water and chlorine. Both concentrations of CAR and TC, and 0.75% EUG decreased Salmonella counts on tomatoes by~6.0 log CFU/ml at 1min. Both concentrations of BR decreased the pathogen on tomatoes to undetectable levels at 3min of exposure. Washing of tomatoes in deionized water and chlorine for 3min reduced Salmonella by ca. 2.0 and 4.0 log CFU/ml, respectively. No Salmonella was detected in the wash water containing the plant molecules or chlorine, whereas a substantial population of the pathogen survived in the control wash water. Moreover, none of the dipping treatments had any effect on the red color of tomatoes (P>0.05). Results indicate that CAR, TC, EUG and BR could effectively be used to kill Salmonella on tomatoes, but additional studies on sensory and quality characteristics of tomatoes treated with plant molecules are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-468
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 5 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Carvacrol
  • Eugenol
  • Salmonella
  • Tomatoes
  • Trans-cinnamaldehyde
  • β-resorcylic acid


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