BACKGROUND: Diabetes is associated with coronary arteriolar endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the role of the small/intermediate (SK(Ca)/IK(Ca)) conductance of calcium-activated potassium channels in diabetes-related endothelial dysfunction.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary arterioles (80 to 150 μm in diameter) were dissected from discarded right atrial tissues of diabetic (glycosylated hemoglobin = 9.6±0.25) and nondiabetic patients (glycosylated hemoglobin 5.4±0.12) during coronary artery bypass graft surgery (n=8/group). In-vitro relaxation response of precontracted arterioles was examined in the presence of the selective SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) activator NS309 and other vasodilatory agents. The channel density and membrane potential of diabetic and nondiabetic endothelial cells was measured by using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. The protein expression and distribution of the SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) in the human myocardium and coronary arterioles was examined by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Our results indicate that diabetes significantly reduced the coronary arteriolar response to the SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) activator NS309 compared to the respective responses of nondiabetic vessels (P<0.05 versus nondiabetes). The relaxation response of diabetic arterioles to NS309 was prevented by denudation of endothelium (P=0.001 versus endothelium-intact). Diabetes significantly decreased endothelial SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) currents and hyperpolarization induced by the SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) activator NS309 as compared with that of nondiabetics. There were no significant differences in the expression and distribution of SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) proteins in the coronary microvessels.
CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes is associated with inactivation of endothelial SK(Ca)/IK(Ca) channels, which may contribute to endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
- coronary microcirculation
- coronary microvascular function
- diabetes mellitus
- potassium channels
- vascular endothelial function