In vivo influence of residual moisture on microtensile bond strengths of one-bottle adhesives

Jorge Perdigao, Saulo Geraldeli, André R.P. Carmo, Hélio R. Dutra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the microtensile bond strengths of three dentin adhesives applied on clinically moist dentin or on dentin that was dried with air for 5 seconds. The null hypothesis to test was that the level of residual moisture does not influence bond strengths when restorations are placed in vivo. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four premolars scheduled to be extracted for orthodontic reasons from patients between the ages of 15 and 23 years were restored with one of the following adhesive systems followed by a mini hybrid composite resin: Excite (Ivoclar/Vivadent), an ethanol-based dentin adhesive; Prime & Bond NT (Dentsply/Caulk), an acetone-based dentin adhesive; and Single Bond (3M ESPE), an ethanol and water-based dentin adhesive. After extraction, the specimens were sectioned with a slow-speed diamond saw in two perpendicular directions to obtain sticks with a cross-section of 0.7 ± 0.2 mm2. The specimens were attached to a Geraldeli device and fractured using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm per minute. Results: For each dentin adhesive, there were no statistical differences between means for dry dentin versus moist dentin. Single Bond and Prime & Bond NT ranked in the same statistical subset regardless of the moisture condition of the substrate. Both Excite, dry, and Excite, moist, resulted in statistically lower bond strengths than Single Bond, moist, but similar to those of Single Bond, dry, Prime & Bond NT, moist, and Prime & Bond NT, dry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

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