In vitro viral expression as a criterion for development of control procedures for enzootic bovine leukosis.

A. F. Weber, J. C. Meiske, E. C. Hooker, D. L. Haggard, A. M. Domagala, D. K. Sorensen, L. C. Buoen

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In a university beef herd of 304 cattle in which six died of lymphosarcoma between 1980 and 1984, 77% of the Angus and 26% of the Charolais cattle were determined to be infected with bovine leukemia virus (BLV). Changes in iatrogenic procedures were initiated as early control measures. In vitro viral expression (VE) was used as a criterion to identify cattle for subsequent segregation or culling. This involved determinations of percentages of BLV-associated lymphocyte profiles among thin-sectioned Ficoll-Paque-isolated blood lymphocytes that were processed into plastic after culture for 48 h. Cattle retained until completion of nutritional studies or as breeding stock were separated into two groups. The BLV-seronegative cattle, BLV-seropositive cattle with 0% VE, and BLV-seropositive cattle with 1% to 4% VE were placed in group 1. Seropositive cattle with greater than or equal to 5% VE were placed in group 2. In 1985, evaluation of in vitro VE in 108 mature BLV-seropositive cattle retained for breeding revealed 36 (33%) had no observable VE. In 1986, 58 of 108 cattle were available to be reexamined, and 21 (36%) had 0% VE in both years. The VE expression values for individual cattle were generally comparable over the 2-year period. Of 48 initial seronegative breeding stock housed in group 1 with BLV-seropositive cattle with low or no VE, 21 (44%) seroconverted during 1985 to 1986. A positive correlation of 0.585 was found between VE and age-related absolute lymphocyte number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-903
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1987


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