In vitro inhibition of adhesion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 to piglet intestinal mucus by egg-yolk antibodies

L. Z. Jin, Samuel K Baidoo, Ronald R. Marquardt, Andrew A. Frohlich

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83 Scopus citations


The objective of the study was to determine if the adhesion of E. coli K88 to piglet intestinal mucus could be inhibited in vitro by spray-dried egg-yolk anti-K88 antibodies. Binding of E. coli was monitored using a radioactive assay. Four 14±2-day-old healthy piglets were used for the preparation of mucus from the small intestine. Competition and displacement phenomena were investigated by incubating (a) egg-yolk antibodies and E. coli together prior to adding to the mucus and (b) E. coli and mucus, followed by egg-yolk antibodies. The results demonstrated that egg-yolk antibodies inhibited the adhesion of 3H-labeled local strain of hemolytic E. coli K88+ (E. coli K88+ MB) to piglet small intestinal mucus by 84.6-97.0% when the egg-yolk antibodies were diluted 10, 20, 40 or 100 times. The adhesion inhibiting effects of egg-yolk antibodies declined dramatically when the antibody dilution was more than 250-fold. A similar adhesion inhibiting effect was observed when egg-yolk antibodies were incubated with E. coli K88+ MB for 15, 30 and 60 min prior to the adhesion test. Egg-yolk antibodies when diluted 50- and 100-fold had a very strong inhibiting ability against E. coli K88+ MB at a concentration of 109 colony forming units (cfu) ml-1 (adhesion was <6%). However, dilution of 100 times for egg yolk antibodies was insufficient to inhibit the adhesion of E. coli K88+ MB to intestinal mucus when the concentration of E. coli K88+ MB was 1010 cfu ml-1. The displacement test indicated that there was no significant reduction in the adhesion of E. coli K88+ MB to the small intestinal mucus when egg-yolk antibodies were added after adhesion of the organism to the mucus. These studies demonstrate that anti-K88+ MB fimbriae antibodies from chicken egg-yolk when added to E. coli K88+ MB prevented their binding to receptors in the mucus isolated from the intestine of piglets. Copyright (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-321
Number of pages9
JournalFEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1998


  • Adhesion inhibition
  • E. coli K88
  • Egg-yolk antibody
  • Intestinal mucus receptor
  • Piglet


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