This study was designed to determine in vitro rates of biohydrogenation of dietary unsaturated fatty acids by a mixed population of rumen microbes. The four dietary fats [Alifet High-Energy® (AHE), Alifet-Repro® (AR), Megalac® (MG), and Energy Booster® (EB)] differ in method of preparation, fatty acid composition, or both of these factors. Dietary fats (20 mg) were incubated with 4 mL strained rumen fluid diluted with 16 mL of medium, 0.8 mL of reducing solution buffer, and 200 mg of a synthetic diet (370 g cellulose, 370 g starch, and 160 g casein per kg DM) at 37 °C. Total contents were collected after 0, 6, 12, 24, or 36 h and change in fatty acid content determined. Disappearance of oleic acid was minimal (0.05-0.20) in AR and MG but moderate (about 0.60) in AHE and EB after 36 h of incubation. Rate of biohydrogenation of linoleic and linolenic acids from AR were similar (0.025 ± 0.009 h-1) and 0.65 of these fatty acids remained intact after 36 h. Rate of biohydrogenation of linoleic acid was four times greater than for oleic acid (0.040 ± 0.013 h-1 versus 0.009 ± 0.002 h-1) in MG. Thus, 0.65 of the linoleic acid but only 0.20 of the oleic acid had disappeared from MG after 36 h. Trans-11 and trans-12 were the predominant trans-isomers in AHE and AR cultures whereas trans-9 and trans-10 were the predominant trans-isomers in EB and MG cultures. None of the dietary fats contained conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) but CLA was present in the incubation inoculum. The amount of CLA decreased with time but this was not affected by source of dietary fat. Most (0.90-0.95) of the long-chain fatty acids eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) in AR remained after 36 h of incubation. Results demonstrate that biohydrogenation varied among fatty acids and among source of dietary fat and indicate that AR can be used to increase post-ruminal supply of linolenic, EPA and DHA.
- Dietary fats
- In vitro