Impulsivity, coping styles, and triggers for craving in substance abusers with borderline personality disorder

N. Kruedelbach, R. A. McCormick, S. C. Schulz, R. Grueneich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Substance abusers with borderline personality disorder (n = 34) were compared with substance abusers who were not borderline (n = 89) on measures of impulsivity, coping skills, hostility, negative affect, and triggers for craving or relapse. Borderline substance abusers abused more substances over the course of their lifetime and scored significantly higher on measures of impulsivity. Borderline substance abusers utilized escape/avoidance coping mechanisms more often, and used problem solving and positive reappraisal less often than nonborderline substance abusers. Borderlines had cravings and relapses triggered more often by negative emotional states, tension, social rejection, and negative physical states. The findings support the utility of focusing on treatment-relevant psychological constructs that characterize substance abusers with borderline personality disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-222
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impulsivity, coping styles, and triggers for craving in substance abusers with borderline personality disorder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this