Impulse noise correction in OFDM systems

Renfei Liu, Te Lung Kung, Keshab K. Parhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, the impulse noise causes catastrophic accuracy degradation since the impulse noise affects all the subcarriers in a symbol due to the fast Fourier transform (FFT) operations at the receiver. Potential causes of impulse noise include erasure channel, power switching, and circuit failure in integrated circuits. In this paper, from a practical observation, a novel iterative impulse error correction scheme is proposed. This scheme is referred to as the impulse noise location and value search algorithm, which is based on the crucial observation of the relationship of the impulse noise and the symbol constellation. In a 512-FFT OFDM system at 25 dB additive white Gaussian noise signal-to-noise ratio, for quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)-4 and QAM-8 modulation, simulation results show that our proposed novel scheme can effectively correct impulse errors that corrupt up to 20.7 % and 13.9 % of the received time-domain signal at known locations. In addition, without the knowledge of impulse noise location, the proposed scheme still can correct at least 9.96 % of the received time-domain signal for QAM-4 modulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-262
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Signal Processing Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This research was supported in part by the National Science Foundation under grant CCF-0811456.

Funding Information:
Dr. Parhi is the recipient of numerous awards including the 2013 Graduate/Professional Teaching Award from the University of Minnesota, 2012 Charles A. Desoer Technical Achievement award from the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society, the 2004 F. E. Terman award from the American Society of Engineering Education, the 2003 IEEE Kiyo Tomiyasu Technical Field Award, the 2001 IEEE W. R. G. Baker prize paper award, and a Golden Jubilee medal from the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society in 2000. He has served on the editorial boards of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS PART I and PART II, VLSI Systems, Signal Processing, Signal Processing Letters,and Signal Processing Magazine, and served as the Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS PART I (2004-2005 term), and currently serves on the Editorial Board of the Journal of VLSI Signal Processing. He has served as technical program cochair of the 1995 IEEE VLSI Signal Processing workshop and the 1996 ASAP conference, and as the general chair of the 2002 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems. He was a distinguished lecturer for the IEEE Circuits and Systems society during 1996-1998. He served as an elected member of the Board of Governors of the IEEE Circuits and Systems society from 2005 to 2007. He is a Fellow of IEEE (1996).


  • Decoder
  • Demodulation
  • Impulse noise
  • OFDM


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