Improving TMD classification using the Delphi technique

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6 Scopus citations


The classification of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is still controversial. Consensus methods such as the Delphi technique, a method that polls experts' anonymous opinion in an iterative process with controlled feedback and statistical aggregation of group response, could be valuable to improve this challenging topic. The article illustrates the application of the Delphi technique for deciding whether the terms myalgia or myofascial pain should be used in a TMD classification system and discusses the technique's potential for TMD classification in general. In three Delphi rounds, 14 TMD experts from the Division of TMD and Orofacial Pain of the University of Minnesota reached a consensus about which TMD diagnoses should be included in a TMD classification system. They preferred the term myofascial pain over myalgia. The Delphi technique has the potential to provide answers to complex questions in TMD classification, e.g., TMD nomenclature and range as well as scope of conditions included in a future TMD classification system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-770
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010


  • Classification
  • Consensus
  • Delphi technique
  • Nomenclature
  • Temporomandibular disorders


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