Improving SD-WAN Resilience: From Vertical Handoff to WAN-Aware MPTCP

Yang Zhang, Jean Tourrilhes, Zhi Li Zhang, Puneet Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Demands for wide-area connectivity between enterprise site-edge networks and central office core networks/cloud data centers have grown rapidly. Various software defined wide area network (SD-WAN) solutions have been developed with the primary aim of improving WAN link utilization. However, mechanisms used by existing SD-WAN solutions fail to provide high reliability and performance required by today's edge to cloud applications. In this article, we present WAN-aware MPTCP which seamlessly aggregates multiple WAN links into a 'big pipe' for better WAN resilience thus minimizing application performance degradation under WAN link failures. We leverage the congestion control of MPTCP to balance traffic across multiple WAN links. The key innovation is to combine LAN virtualization at end systems with WAN virtualization at SD-WAN gateways. Through evaluation in both emulated testbeds and real-world deployment, we demonstrate the performance gain of WAN-aware MPTCP in terms of resilience and throughput over existing SD-WAN solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9328552
Pages (from-to)347-361
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

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  • Software defined networks
  • edge networks
  • wide area networks


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