Improving radiofrequency power and specific absorption rate management with bumped transmit elements in ultra-high field MRI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: In this study, we investigate a strategy to reduce the local specific absorption rate (SAR) while keeping (Formula presented.) constant inside the region of interest (ROI) at the ultra-high field (B0 ≥ 7T) MRI. Methods: Locally raising the resonance structure under the discontinuity (i.e., creating a bump) increases the distance between the accumulated charges and the tissue. As a result, it reduces the electric field and local SAR generated by these charges inside the tissue. The (Formula presented.) at a point that is sufficiently far from the coil, however, is not affected by this modification. In this study, three different resonant elements (i.e., loop coil, snake antenna, and fractionated dipole [FD]) are investigated. For experimental validation, a bumped FD is further investigated at 10.5T. After the validation, the transmit performances of eight-channel arrays of each element are compared through electromagnetic (EM) simulations. Results: Introducing a bump reduced the peak 10g-averaged SAR by 21, 26, 23% for the loop and snake antenna at 7T, and FD at 10.5T, respectively. In addition, eight-channel bumped FD array at 10.5T had a 27% lower peak 10g-averaged SAR in a realistic human body simulation (i.e., prostate imaging) compared to an eight-channel FD array. Conclusion: In this study, we investigated a simple design strategy based on adding bumps to a resonant element to reduce the local SAR while maintaining (Formula presented.) inside an ROI. As an example, we modified an FD and performed EM simulations and phantom experiments with a 10.5T scanner. Results show that the peak 10g-averaged SAR can be reduced more than 25%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3485-3493
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number6
StateAccepted/In press - 2020


  • 10.5 Tesla
  • MRI
  • bumped transmitter
  • radiofrequency safety
  • ultra-high field

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Improving radiofrequency power and specific absorption rate management with bumped transmit elements in ultra-high field MRI'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this