Improved quantification precision of human brain short echo-time 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy at high magnetic field: A simulation study

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Abstract

Purpose The gain in quantification precision that can be expected in human brain 1H MRS at very high field remains a matter of debate. Here, we investigate this issue using Monte-Carlo simulations. Methods Simulated human brain-like 1H spectra were fitted repeatedly with different noise realizations using LCModel at B0 ranging from 1.5T to 11.7T, assuming a linear increase in signal-to-noise ratio with B0 in the time domain, and assuming a linear increase in linewidth with B0 based on experimental measurements. Average quantification precision (Cramér-Rao lower bound) was then determined for each metabolite as a function of B 0. Results For singlets, Cramér-Rao lower bounds improved (decreased) by a factor of ∼ √B0 as B0 increased, as predicted by theory. For most J-coupled metabolites, Cramér-Rao lower bounds decreased by a factor ranging from √B 0 to B0 as B0 increased, reflecting additional gains in quantification precision compared to singlets owing to simplification of spectral pattern and reduced overlap. Conclusions Quantification precision of 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy in human brain continues to improve with B0 up to 11.7T although peak signal-to-noise ratio in the frequency domain levels off above 3T. In most cases, the gain in quantification precision is higher for J-coupled metabolites than for singlets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-25
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Cramér-Rao Lower Bounds
  • Monte-Carlo simulations
  • human brain
  • quantification precision

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