Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States

Kalev Jõgiste, Lee E Frelich, Diana Laarmann, Floortje Vodde, Endijs Baders, Janis Donis, Aris Jansons, Ahto Kangur, Henn Korjus, Kajar Köster, Jürgen Kusmin, Timo Kuuluvainen, Vitas Marozas, Marek Metslaid, Sandra Metslaid, Olga Polyachenko, Anneli Poska, Sille Rebane, John A. Stanturf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Baltic States region, anthropogenic disturbances at different temporal and spatial scales mostly determine dynamics and development phases of forest ecosystems. We reviewed the state and condition of hemiboreal forests of the Baltic States region and analyzed species composition of recently established and permanent forest (PF). Agricultural deforestation and spontaneous or artificial conversion back to forest is a scenario leading to ecosystems designated as recent forest (RF, age up to two hundred years). Permanent forest (PF) was defined as areas with no records of agricultural activity during the last 200 yr, including mostly forests managed by traditional even-aged (clear-cut) silviculture and salvage after natural disturbances. We hypothesized that RF would have distinctive composition, with higher dominance by hardwoods (e.g., aspen and birch), compared to PF. Ordination revealed divergence in the RF stands; about half had the hypothesized composition distinct from PF, with a tight cluster of stands in the part of the ordination space with high hardwood dominance, while the remaining RF stands were scattered throughout the ordination space occupied by PF with highly variable species composition. Planting of conifers, variability in site quality, and variability in spatial proximity to PF with relatively natural ecosystem legacies likely explained the variable compositions of this latter group of RF. We positioned the observations of RF in a classic quantification of site type conditions (based on Estonian forest vegetation survey previously carried out by Lõhmus), which indicated that RF was more likely to occur on areas of higher soil fertility (in ordination space). Climatic and anthropogenic changes to RF create complex dynamic trends that are difficult to project into the future. Further research in tracing land use changes (using pollen analysis and documented evidence) should be utilized to refine the conceptual framework of ecosystem legacy and memory. Occurrence and frequency of deforestation and its characteristics as a novel disturbance regime are of particular interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02503
JournalEcosphere
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Fingerprint

forest ecosystems
forest ecosystem
history
ordination
deforestation
disturbance
hardwood
ecosystems
ecosystem
species diversity
silviculture
palynology
conceptual framework
Betula
soil fertility
land use change
conifers
anthropogenic activities
coniferous tree
divergence

Keywords

  • disturbances
  • ecosystem legacy
  • hemiboreal forest zone
  • land use change
  • managed forest
  • manipulated legacy

Cite this

Jõgiste, K., Frelich, L. E., Laarmann, D., Vodde, F., Baders, E., Donis, J., ... Stanturf, J. A. (2018). Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States. Ecosphere, 9(11), [e02503]. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2503

Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States. / Jõgiste, Kalev; Frelich, Lee E; Laarmann, Diana; Vodde, Floortje; Baders, Endijs; Donis, Janis; Jansons, Aris; Kangur, Ahto; Korjus, Henn; Köster, Kajar; Kusmin, Jürgen; Kuuluvainen, Timo; Marozas, Vitas; Metslaid, Marek; Metslaid, Sandra; Polyachenko, Olga; Poska, Anneli; Rebane, Sille; Stanturf, John A.

In: Ecosphere, Vol. 9, No. 11, e02503, 11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jõgiste, K, Frelich, LE, Laarmann, D, Vodde, F, Baders, E, Donis, J, Jansons, A, Kangur, A, Korjus, H, Köster, K, Kusmin, J, Kuuluvainen, T, Marozas, V, Metslaid, M, Metslaid, S, Polyachenko, O, Poska, A, Rebane, S & Stanturf, JA 2018, 'Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States', Ecosphere, vol. 9, no. 11, e02503. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2503
Jõgiste, Kalev ; Frelich, Lee E ; Laarmann, Diana ; Vodde, Floortje ; Baders, Endijs ; Donis, Janis ; Jansons, Aris ; Kangur, Ahto ; Korjus, Henn ; Köster, Kajar ; Kusmin, Jürgen ; Kuuluvainen, Timo ; Marozas, Vitas ; Metslaid, Marek ; Metslaid, Sandra ; Polyachenko, Olga ; Poska, Anneli ; Rebane, Sille ; Stanturf, John A. / Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States. In: Ecosphere. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 11.
@article{ac3a006b082440feb3170777e835a55c,
title = "Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States",
abstract = "In the Baltic States region, anthropogenic disturbances at different temporal and spatial scales mostly determine dynamics and development phases of forest ecosystems. We reviewed the state and condition of hemiboreal forests of the Baltic States region and analyzed species composition of recently established and permanent forest (PF). Agricultural deforestation and spontaneous or artificial conversion back to forest is a scenario leading to ecosystems designated as recent forest (RF, age up to two hundred years). Permanent forest (PF) was defined as areas with no records of agricultural activity during the last 200 yr, including mostly forests managed by traditional even-aged (clear-cut) silviculture and salvage after natural disturbances. We hypothesized that RF would have distinctive composition, with higher dominance by hardwoods (e.g., aspen and birch), compared to PF. Ordination revealed divergence in the RF stands; about half had the hypothesized composition distinct from PF, with a tight cluster of stands in the part of the ordination space with high hardwood dominance, while the remaining RF stands were scattered throughout the ordination space occupied by PF with highly variable species composition. Planting of conifers, variability in site quality, and variability in spatial proximity to PF with relatively natural ecosystem legacies likely explained the variable compositions of this latter group of RF. We positioned the observations of RF in a classic quantification of site type conditions (based on Estonian forest vegetation survey previously carried out by L{\~o}hmus), which indicated that RF was more likely to occur on areas of higher soil fertility (in ordination space). Climatic and anthropogenic changes to RF create complex dynamic trends that are difficult to project into the future. Further research in tracing land use changes (using pollen analysis and documented evidence) should be utilized to refine the conceptual framework of ecosystem legacy and memory. Occurrence and frequency of deforestation and its characteristics as a novel disturbance regime are of particular interest.",
keywords = "disturbances, ecosystem legacy, hemiboreal forest zone, land use change, managed forest, manipulated legacy",
author = "Kalev J{\~o}giste and Frelich, {Lee E} and Diana Laarmann and Floortje Vodde and Endijs Baders and Janis Donis and Aris Jansons and Ahto Kangur and Henn Korjus and Kajar K{\"o}ster and J{\"u}rgen Kusmin and Timo Kuuluvainen and Vitas Marozas and Marek Metslaid and Sandra Metslaid and Olga Polyachenko and Anneli Poska and Sille Rebane and Stanturf, {John A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1002/ecs2.2503",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
journal = "Ecosphere",
issn = "2150-8925",
publisher = "Ecological Society of America",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Imprints of management history on hemiboreal forest ecosystems in the Baltic States

AU - Jõgiste, Kalev

AU - Frelich, Lee E

AU - Laarmann, Diana

AU - Vodde, Floortje

AU - Baders, Endijs

AU - Donis, Janis

AU - Jansons, Aris

AU - Kangur, Ahto

AU - Korjus, Henn

AU - Köster, Kajar

AU - Kusmin, Jürgen

AU - Kuuluvainen, Timo

AU - Marozas, Vitas

AU - Metslaid, Marek

AU - Metslaid, Sandra

AU - Polyachenko, Olga

AU - Poska, Anneli

AU - Rebane, Sille

AU - Stanturf, John A.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - In the Baltic States region, anthropogenic disturbances at different temporal and spatial scales mostly determine dynamics and development phases of forest ecosystems. We reviewed the state and condition of hemiboreal forests of the Baltic States region and analyzed species composition of recently established and permanent forest (PF). Agricultural deforestation and spontaneous or artificial conversion back to forest is a scenario leading to ecosystems designated as recent forest (RF, age up to two hundred years). Permanent forest (PF) was defined as areas with no records of agricultural activity during the last 200 yr, including mostly forests managed by traditional even-aged (clear-cut) silviculture and salvage after natural disturbances. We hypothesized that RF would have distinctive composition, with higher dominance by hardwoods (e.g., aspen and birch), compared to PF. Ordination revealed divergence in the RF stands; about half had the hypothesized composition distinct from PF, with a tight cluster of stands in the part of the ordination space with high hardwood dominance, while the remaining RF stands were scattered throughout the ordination space occupied by PF with highly variable species composition. Planting of conifers, variability in site quality, and variability in spatial proximity to PF with relatively natural ecosystem legacies likely explained the variable compositions of this latter group of RF. We positioned the observations of RF in a classic quantification of site type conditions (based on Estonian forest vegetation survey previously carried out by Lõhmus), which indicated that RF was more likely to occur on areas of higher soil fertility (in ordination space). Climatic and anthropogenic changes to RF create complex dynamic trends that are difficult to project into the future. Further research in tracing land use changes (using pollen analysis and documented evidence) should be utilized to refine the conceptual framework of ecosystem legacy and memory. Occurrence and frequency of deforestation and its characteristics as a novel disturbance regime are of particular interest.

AB - In the Baltic States region, anthropogenic disturbances at different temporal and spatial scales mostly determine dynamics and development phases of forest ecosystems. We reviewed the state and condition of hemiboreal forests of the Baltic States region and analyzed species composition of recently established and permanent forest (PF). Agricultural deforestation and spontaneous or artificial conversion back to forest is a scenario leading to ecosystems designated as recent forest (RF, age up to two hundred years). Permanent forest (PF) was defined as areas with no records of agricultural activity during the last 200 yr, including mostly forests managed by traditional even-aged (clear-cut) silviculture and salvage after natural disturbances. We hypothesized that RF would have distinctive composition, with higher dominance by hardwoods (e.g., aspen and birch), compared to PF. Ordination revealed divergence in the RF stands; about half had the hypothesized composition distinct from PF, with a tight cluster of stands in the part of the ordination space with high hardwood dominance, while the remaining RF stands were scattered throughout the ordination space occupied by PF with highly variable species composition. Planting of conifers, variability in site quality, and variability in spatial proximity to PF with relatively natural ecosystem legacies likely explained the variable compositions of this latter group of RF. We positioned the observations of RF in a classic quantification of site type conditions (based on Estonian forest vegetation survey previously carried out by Lõhmus), which indicated that RF was more likely to occur on areas of higher soil fertility (in ordination space). Climatic and anthropogenic changes to RF create complex dynamic trends that are difficult to project into the future. Further research in tracing land use changes (using pollen analysis and documented evidence) should be utilized to refine the conceptual framework of ecosystem legacy and memory. Occurrence and frequency of deforestation and its characteristics as a novel disturbance regime are of particular interest.

KW - disturbances

KW - ecosystem legacy

KW - hemiboreal forest zone

KW - land use change

KW - managed forest

KW - manipulated legacy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058153746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058153746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ecs2.2503

DO - 10.1002/ecs2.2503

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85058153746

VL - 9

JO - Ecosphere

JF - Ecosphere

SN - 2150-8925

IS - 11

M1 - e02503

ER -