Importance of Biomaterials In Vivo Microenvironment pH (μe-pH) in the Regeneration Process of Osteoporotic Bone Defects

Wenlong Liu, Xiuli Dan, William Weijia Lu, Haobo Pan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In scenario of osteoporotic fracture, significantly higher activity of osteoclasts than osteoblasts may lead to continuous loss of bone in fracture/defect site. Impaired bone regeneration efficiency is the major barrier that influences endosseous implants to get a better performance, and this substantially increases the risk of a second fracture, nonunion, and aseptic implant loosening. Although great effects have been made, there are still no clinically approved biomaterials specifically tailored for applications in osteoporotic bones. The key issue for developing such biomaterials is to reestablish normal bone regeneration at the fracture site. Acid-base property could directly influence the behavior of bone cells, thus making it an important factor to modulate the unbalanced activity between osteoclast and osteoblast in osteoporotic conditions. More importantly, it is adjustable through implant biodegradation. Therefore, a rational strategy to reconstruct the regeneration balance in the fracture site is to regulate the microenvironmental pH (μe-pH) through the application of biodegradable materials. The present chapter provides an overview on how pH change influences bone cells behaviors as well as recent development on revealing the role of μe-pH in guiding the localized bone regeneration. We proposed that the μe-pH is an important and accessible factor which should be taken into consideration in the development of orthopedic biomaterials, in particular for repair of osteoporotic bone fracture/defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpringer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages473-495
Number of pages23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Volume9
ISSN (Print)2195-0644
ISSN (Electronic)2195-0652

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018.

Keywords

  • Acid-base bone homeostasis
  • Bioactive glass/ceramic
  • Biodegradable materials
  • Bone regeneration
  • Microenvironment pH
  • Osteoporotic bone fracture/defect

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Importance of Biomaterials In Vivo Microenvironment pH (μe-pH) in the Regeneration Process of Osteoporotic Bone Defects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this