Implicit and explicit affective evaluations of athlete brands: The associative evaluation-emotional appraisal-intention model of athlete endorsements

Yonghwan Chang, Yong Jae Ko, Brad D. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The researchers explore consumers' emotional responses toward athlete brands by developing the associative evaluation- emotional appraisal-intention (AEI) model. The AEI postulates that unconscious (implicit attitudes) and conscious (explicit affective attitudes) levels of emotional responses systematically flow following assessments of perceived fit in athlete endorsements. Implicit attitudes were measured through the implicit association test, whereas pleasure, arousal, and pride captured explicit affective attitudes. Contrary to dominant beliefs about successful athlete endorsements, findings from a lab experiment indicate that low perceived fit affected implicit attitudes, which in turn affected arousal for consumers with high involvement. Pleasure, arousal, and pride were interrelated and systematically determined behavioral intentions of viewership and online friendship with athletes. Studies investigating athlete brands and endorsement success should consider the influence of both implicit and explicit attitudes on fan behavior. Managers should strategically utilize both low and high fit endorsements to facilitate emotional experiences and optimize desired consumption behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-510
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport Management
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Cognitive appraisal of emotions
  • Human brands
  • Implicit association test (IAT)
  • Implicit attitudes

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