Implementation outcomes associated with a value-based care model of comprehensive medication management in community pharmacies

Joel F. Farley, Carrie M. Blanchard, Lindsay A Sorge, Daniel J. Rehrauer, Todd D. Sorensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Although the delivery of comprehensive medication management (CMM) in community pharmacies has been shown to improve health outcomes, inconsistent adoption hinders the benefit patients receive. Our objective was to examine the implementation of a novel value-based care model and the impact of educational and coaching support for pharmacists on patient access to CMM. The underlying care model provides a payment for CMM services combined with incentives to document and improve clinical outcomes and patient engagement. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting and participants: In addition to fee-for-service payments, performance-based incentives were provided to 12 participating pharmacy organizations to promote pharmacist documentation of clinical values (blood pressure and tobacco status for patients with vascular disease and additionally hemoglobin A1c [HbA1C] for patients with diabetes). To promote patient engagement, pharmacies that engaged a higher proportion of attributed patients received additional incentives. Outcome measures: Implementation outcomes included penetration (the proportion of eligible patients who received CMM), adoption (variation in penetration across organizations), and fidelity (documentation of all required clinical values). Comparisons were made using t-tests and chi-square testing. Results: Among 1240 eligible patients, 478 (35.8%) had documentation of any service by a participating pharmacist during a one-year implementation period. Using diabetes as an example, documentation was consistently highest for tobacco status (38.1%), followed by blood pressure (29.7%), and HbA1C (38.1%). CMM recipients on average were older, used more medication, and were more likely to have at least one comorbid condition than non-recipients. 41.8% of patients with vascular disease had documentation of both blood pressure and tobacco status while 24.4% of patients with diabetes had blood pressure, tobacco, and HbA1C documentation. Conclusions: Improving pharmacist access to a patient's medical records could help improve access to CMM services for patients under value-based care models that rely on patient targeting and clinical measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-898.e1
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was funded by the UNC Eshelman Institute for Innovation and National Association of Chain Drug Stores Foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Pharmacists Association®

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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