Implementation of lipid screening guidelines in children by primary pediatric providers

Damon B. Dixon, Annabel P. Kornblum, Lyn M. Steffen, Xia Zhou, Julia Steinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Objective To assess the awareness and implementation of lipid guidelines among primary pediatric providers. Study design An online survey was administered to primary pediatric providers (n = 1488): pediatricians, family medicine/general practitioners, and advanced practitioners (nurse practitioners/physician assistants) in Minnesota. The survey was conducted over 12 weeks in 2012-2013. A multiple-choice questionnaire was used to evaluate the participants' knowledge, screening, and management attitudes regarding pediatric lipid guidelines. Results The overall response rate was 39% (n = 548 of 1402 successful e-mails). Respondents were primarily pediatricians and family medicine practitioners (37% each), followed by general practitioners (11%) and advanced practitioners (nurse practitioners, 5.5%; physician assistants, 1.6%). Although 74% of providers reportedly believed that lipid screening and treatment would reduce future cardiovascular risk, 34% performed no screening, 50% screened selectively, and only 16% performed universal screening. Pediatricians were more likely to screen, with 30% performing universal screening and 41% performing selective screening. Among perceived barriers to screening, providers reported uneasiness addressing lipid disorders (43%), and unfamiliarity with screening guidelines (31%). The majority (83%) were uncomfortable managing lipid disorders, and 57% were opposed to the use of lipid-lowering medications in children. Conclusion These findings underscore the need to further educate providers and supply easily accessible information on the screening and treatment of childhood lipid disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-576
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014

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Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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