Simulation of electronically nonadiabatic dynamics is an important tool for understanding the mechanisms of photochemical and photophysical processes. Two contrasting methods in which the electrons are treated quantum mechanically while the nuclei are treated classically are semiclassical Ehrenfest dynamics and trajectory surface hopping; neither method in its original form includes decoherence. Decoherence in the context of electronically nonadiabatic dynamics refers to the gradual collapse of a coherent quantum mechanical electronic state under the scrutiny of nuclear motion into a mixture of stable pointer states. This is modeled in the coherent switches with decay of mixing (CSDM) method by the decay of the off-diagonal elements of the electronic density matrix. Here, we present an implementation of CSDM in the SHARC program; a key element of the new implementation is the use of a different propagator than that used previously in the ANT program.
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This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award DE-SC0015997, by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant No. 51536002.