Implantation of AtT-20 or genetically modified AtT-20/hENK cells in mouse spinal cord induced antinociception and opioid tolerance

Hope H. Wu, George L. Wilcox, Steven C. McLoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

AtT-20 cells, which make and release β-endorphin, or AtT-20/hENK cells, an AtT-20 cell line transfected with the human proenkephalin gene and secreting enkephalin as well as presumably β-endorphin, were implanted in mouse spinal subarachnoid space. Cell implants did not affect the basal response to thermal nociceptive stimuli. Administration of isoproterenol, believed to stimulate secretion from these cells, produced antinociception in groups receiving AtT-20 or AtT-20/hENK cell implants but not in control groups receiving no cells. The antinociceptive effect of isoproterenol was dose related and could be blocked by the opioid antagonist naloxone. Implantation of these cells offers a novel approach for the study of tolerance. Mice receiving AtT-20 cell implants developed tolerance to β- endorphin and the μ-opioid agonist DAMGO, whereas mice receiving genetically modified AtT-20/hENK cell implants developed tolerance to the δ-opioid agonist DPDPE. Genetically modified AtT-20/hENK cell implants, but not AtT- 20 cell implants, reduced the development of acute morphine tolerance in the host mice. This finding is consistent with the suggestion that enkephalin alters development of opioid tolerance. These results suggest that opioid- releasing cells implanted around mouse spinal cord can produce antinociception and may provide an alternative therapy for chronic intractable pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4806-4814
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994

Keywords

  • endorphin
  • enkephalin
  • neuronal cell line
  • pain
  • tolerance
  • transplantation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Implantation of AtT-20 or genetically modified AtT-20/hENK cells in mouse spinal cord induced antinociception and opioid tolerance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this