Implant Distribution in Surgically Instrumented Lenke 1 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Does It Affect Curve Correction?

Franck Le Navéaux, Carl Éric Aubin, A. Noelle Larson, David W. Polly, Yaser M K Baghdadi, Hubert Labelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design. Retrospective review of prospective multicenter database of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who underwent posterior spinal fusion.Objective. To analyze implant distribution in surgically instrumented Lenke 1 patients and evaluate how it impacts curve correction.Summary of Background Data. While pedicle screw constructs have demonstrated successful surgical results, the optimal pedicle screw density and configuration remain unclear.Methods. 279 AIS patients treated with pedicle screws were reviewed. Implant density was computed for each side of the instrumented segment, which was divided into five regions: distal and proximal ends (upper/lower instrumented vertebra +1 adjacent vertebra), apical region (apex +/-1 vertebra) and the two regions in between (upper/lower periapical). Centralized measurement of Cobb angle and thoracic kyphosis was performed on pre-operative and at one-year post-operative radiographs as well as percent curve flexibility.Results. The mean implant density was 1.66 implants per level fused (1.08 to 2) with greater available pedicles filled on the concavity (92%, 53 to 100%) compared to the convex side (73%, 23 to 100%, p<0.01). The concave distal end region had the highest density with 99% of pedicles filled (p<0.01), followed by the other concave regions and the convex distal end region (88 to 94%) (p>0.05). Other convex regions of the construct had less instrumentation with only 54 to 78% of pedicles instrumented (p<0.01). Implant density in the concave apical region (p = 0.002, R = 0.19) had a positive effect on curve correction (69%, 23 to 100%).Conclusions. Significant variability exists in implant distribution with the greatest variation on the convex side and lowest implant density used in the periapical convex regions. Only instrumentation at the concave side, particularly at the apical region, was associated with curve correction. This suggests that for a low implant density construct the best regions for planned screw drop may be in the periapical convexity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-468
Number of pages7
JournalSpine
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • curve correction
  • implant density
  • implant distribution
  • implant pattern
  • pedicle screw

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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