Impaired fibrin polymerization in viral hepatitis. Report of a case: probable identity of the inhibitor with β2-microglobulin

Dale E Hammerschmidt, Charles F. Moldow

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A case is described in which a patient developed TT prolongation and bleeding during CMV hepatitis following successful renal transplantation. Bence-Jones proteinuria was noted, but there was no other evidence of myeloma. Bence-Jones proteinuria, TT prolongation, and bleeding abated as hepatitis resolved. In vitro, a protein isolated from the patient's urine was capable of prolonging the TT markedly, but it did not impair thrombin esterase activity. The effect of the protein seemed to be inhibition of fibrin polymerization. Sephadex gel filtration revealed a single TT-prolonging peak at 11,000 daltons, containing κ, λ, and γ antigens. By radioimmunoassay, virtually all the protein present reacted as β2-microglobulin. Incubation with anti-β2-microglobulin antiserum markedly attenuated anticoagulant activity. The paraprotein observed transiently in this patient's urine during hepatitis had potent anticoagulant activity and may well have accounted for his abnormal TT and bleeding diathesis; this paraprotein was not distinguishable from β2-microglobulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1008
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine
Volume92
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1978

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