Impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation of coronary resistance vessels in severely stunned porcine myocardium

E. O. McFalls, D. J. Duncker, H. Ward, P. Fashingbauer

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of stunning on endothelium-dependent responses of resistance vessels in vivo remains of interest. We utilized the coronary pressure-flow relationship during maximal vasodilation in anesthetized swine to identify subtle changes in flow reserve within stunned myocardium. Prior to and following stunning, the coronary pressure-flow relationship during maximal doses of intracoronary adenosine was compared with that of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator ATP. In 11 anesthetized swine, 30 min of partial LAD occlusion and 40 min of reperfusion reduced fractional shortening from 16±4% to 6±5% (p<0.05). This caused a rigtward shift of the coronary pressure-flow relationships during infusions of either adenosine or ATP, suggestive of increased extra vascular compressive forces. With adenosine, the slope of the linear portion of the relationship (i.e., coronary pressures >30 mmHg) was 1.31±0.54 ml/min-mmHg at baseline and 1.30±0.55 ml/min-mmHg following stunning (NS). With ATP however, the slope decreased from 1.34±0.48 ml/min-mmHg at baseline to 1.08±0.47 ml/min-mmHg following reperfusion (p<0.05), indicating an attenuation of endothelium-dependent vasodilator capacity. In five of the animals, the slope of the pressure-flow relationship during intracoronary nitroprusside was unchanged post-stunning, side was unchanged post-stunning, which is similar to the adenosine results. In conclusion, the data support the hypothesis that endo-thelium-dependent vasodilation of resistance vessels in the intact animal is altered within severely stunned myocardium. The rightward shift of the coronary pressure-flow relation ships with both classes of vasodilators suggest that extra vascular factors may also play a role in limiting coronary flow reserve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-506
Number of pages9
JournalBasic research in cardiology
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • ATP-nitroprusside
  • Adenosine
  • coronary pressure-flow relationship
  • extra vascular compressive forces
  • swine
  • vasodilator capacity

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