Impact of pre-transplant anaemia correction and erythropoietin resistance on long-term graft survival

Mariarosaria Campise, Ashraf Mikhail, Thomas Quaschning, Jon Snyder, Allan Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background. This study investigated whether recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO)-hyporesponsive anaemia before transplantation is associated with a poorer graft outcome and lower patient survival. Methods. A total of 15 051 kidney transplant recipients, with a minimum follow-up of 1 year, were stratified as either rHuEPO hyporesponsive or rHuEPO responsive (using a threshold rHuEPO-treated haemoglobin level of 11 g/dl). They were followed for a median of 24 months. Outcomes included times from transplantation to graft failure (including patient death), return to dialysis or pre-emptive re-transplantation, and death with a functioning graft. Results. The cumulative incidence of graft failure was 50% for rHuEPO-hyporesponsive patients, compared with 41.7% for rHuEPO responders (P = 0.0091). Among rHuEPO-hyporesponsive patients, 41.7% returned to dialysis or underwent a pre-emptive re-transplantation, compared with 32% of rHuEPO responders (P = 0.0091). Death with a functioning graft occurred in 16.9% of rHuEPO-hyporesponsive and in 15% of rHuEPO-responsive patients (P = 0.3949). Conclusions. The results showed higher mortality and higher incidence of graft failure at 5 years for rHuEPO-hyporesponsive patients. It is unclear whether anaemia treatment per se or treatment of more severe co-morbidity resulting in hyporesponsiveness to anaemia treatment may be causally linked to reduced renal transplant outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)viii8-viii12
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue numberSUPPL. 8
StatePublished - Sep 2005


  • Aggressive treatment
  • Anaemia
  • Graft failure
  • Patient survival
  • Post-transplant patients
  • rHuEPO hyporesponsiveness

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