Impact of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection on patient outcomes

Elizabeth B. Hirsch, Vincent H. Tam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

289 Scopus citations


Rates of antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa are increasing worldwide. The multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotype in P. aeruginosa could be mediated by several mechanisms including multidrug efflux systems, enzyme production, outer membrane protein (porin) loss and target mutations. Currently, no international consensus on the definition of multidrug resistance exists, making direct comparison of the literature difficult. Inappropriate empirical therapy has been associated with increased mortality in P. aeruginosa infections; delays in starting appropriate therapy may contribute to increased length of hospital stay and persistence of infection. In addition, worse clinical outcomes may be associated with MDR infections owing to limited effective antimicrobial options. This article aims to summarize the contemporary literature on patient outcomes following infections caused by drug-resistant P. aeruginosa. The impact of antimicrobial therapy on patient outcomes, mortality and morbidity; and the economic impact of MDR P. aeruginosa infections will be examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-451
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Vincent H Tam has received unrestricted research grants from AstraZeneca, Merck, Achaogen and is on the speakers’ bureau of Merck. Vincent Tam has also received funding from the NIH (grant number 1R15AI089671-01) The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.


  • antipseudomonal agents
  • infection
  • morbidity
  • mortality
  • outcomes
  • resistance
  • virulence


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