The effects of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) se- rostatus, AIDS, and level of immunosuppression on health service use were examined in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Data on self-reported hospitalizations, outpatient medical services (non-emergency room) and emergency room care during the preceding 6 months were collected for 3,447 homosexual/bisexual men returning for their 14th and/or 15th semiannual visits in Chicago, Baltimore, Los Angeles, and Pittsburgh. AIDS-free seropositive men with CD4+ cells <200/p.l were more likely to be hospitalized [odds ratio (OR) = 2.3, 95% confidence limits (CL) = 1.4, 3.8] and use outpatient medical care (OR = 7.9, 95% CL = 4.9, 12.6), compared with seronegative men. Increased outpatient care was initiated at the earliest stages of HIV-1 infection, even when CD4+ cells were >500/μl. Dramatic increases in outpatient care for each level of immunosuppression were observed. HIV-1-related symptoms were associated with increased hospitalizations (OR = 4.8, 95% CL = 3.2, 7.3), use of outpatient medical services (OR = 3.3, 95% CL = 1.9, 5.6), and emergency room care (OR = 3.1, 95% CL = 2.1, 4.6). Persons with AIDS and ≤50 CD4+ cells/μl were most likely to be hospitalized (OR = 8.1; 95% CL = 4.4, 14.9). No significant difference (p > 0.05) in emergency room use was observed according to HIV-1 serostatus, AIDS, or immunosuppression, after adjusting for insurance and clinical symptoms. To the extent that CD4+ cell counts are used as one of the criteria for an AIDS diagnosis and such a diagnosis broadens available benefits to persons with HIV disease, the pattern of health care services described here will be important for health care providers and planners.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes|
|State||Published - Jun 1994|
- Health care use