Impact of hyperglycemia on outcomes of patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia

Twisha S. Patel, Jessica M. Cottreau, Elizabeth B. Hirsch, Vincent H. Tam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bacteremia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In other bacterial infections, hyperglycemia has been identified as a risk factor for mortality in nondiabetic patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of early hyperglycemia on outcomes in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with P. aeruginosa bacteremia. A retrospective cohort study was performed in adult patients (≥18 years old) with P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Patients received at least 1 drug empirically to which the isolate was susceptible in vitro. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to determine the threshold breakpoint for average blood glucose concentration within 48 hours of positive blood culture (BG48). Logistic regression was used to explore independent risk factors for 30-day mortality. A total of 176 bacteremia episodes were identified; patients in 66 episodes were diabetic. Diabetic patients had higher BG48 (165.2 ± 64.8 mg/dL versus 123.7 ± 31.5 mg/dL, P< 0.001) and lower 30-day mortality (10.7% versus 22.7%, P= 0.046) than nondiabetic patients. Multivariate regression revealed 30-day mortality in nondiabetic patients was associated with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (odds ratio [OR] 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-1.2) and BG48 >168 mg/dL (OR 6.3; 95% CI 1.7-23.3). However, blood glucose concentration was not identified as an independent risk factor for mortality in diabetic patients by multivariate regression analysis. Hyperglycemia did not appear to affect outcomes in diabetic patients, whereas nondiabetic patients had a higher risk of mortality from P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Prospective studies evaluating the impact of glycemic control in these patients are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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