Impact of exercise frequency on hand strength of the elderly

Bryan Guderian, Ashley Johnson, Virgil G Mathiowetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: To determine if an every other day exercise program achieves comparable results to an everyday program, and to compare participants' adherence to each program. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Thirty-six independent living individuals age 55 and older were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group A performed grip and pinch therapy putty exercises daily. Group B performed the same exercises every other day. Participants were also assessed for program adherence. Results: There was no significant difference (p = 0.05) in grip strength change scores between the low- and high-frequency groups over the 8-week training period. Six out of eight pinch strength change scores indicated no significant difference between groups. Adherence data were better for the low-frequency group. Conclusion: For the most part, results indicated no significant difference between the hand-strengthening protocols when measuring hand strength over an 8-week period. Level of Evidence: 1b.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-279
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013


  • Compliance
  • Elderly
  • Exercise frequency
  • Grip strength
  • Hand exercise
  • Pinch strength
  • Program adherence


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