Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model

Ivan Linares-Cervantes, Dagmar Kollmann, Toru Goto, Juan Echeverri, Johan Moritz Kaths, Matyas Hamar, Peter Urbanellis, Laura Mazilescu, Roizar Rosales, Claudia Bruguera, Fabiola Oquendo, Sujani Ganesh, Oyedele A. Adeyi, Paul Yip, Nazia Selzner, Markus Selzner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Human albumin/dextran (HA-D), bovine-gelatin (BG), and packed red blood cells plus plasma have been used in European and North-American clinical trials of normothermic ex situ liver perfusion (NEsLP). We compared the effects of these perfusates in a porcine model during NEsLP and after transplantation. Methods Porcine livers were retrieved 30 minutes after circulatory death. After 5 hours of NEsLP, grafts were transplanted. Three groups (n = 6) were assessed (HA-D vs BG vs whole blood [WB]). One group of static cold storage (SCS) was evaluated for comparison with the perfusion groups. Hemodynamic variables, liver and endothelial injury, and function were assessed during NEsLP and posttransplantation. Results Hepatic artery flow was higher since the beginning of NEsLP in the HA-D group (HA-D, 238 ± 90 mL/min vs BG, 97 ± 33 mL/min vs WB, 148 ± 49 mL/min; P = 0.01). Hyaluronic acid was lower in the HA-D at the end of perfusion (HA-D, 16.28 ± 7.59 ng/μL vs BG, 76.05 ± 15.30 ng/μL vs WB, 114 ± 46 ng/μL; P < 0.001). After transplant, aspartate aminotransferase was decreased in the HA-D group when compared with the rest of the groups (HA-D, 444 ± 226 IU/L vs BG, 1033 ± 694 IU/L vs WB, 616 ± 444 IU/L vs SCS, 2235 ± 1878 IU/L). At 5 hours after transplant, lactate was lower in the HA-D group (HA-D, 3.88 ± 1.49 mmol/L vs BG, 7.79 ± 2.68 mmol/L vs WB, 8.16 ± 3.86 mmol/L vs SCS, 9.06 ± 3.54 mmol/L; P = 0.04). International Normalized Ratio was improved in HA-D group compared to the rest of the groups (HA-D, 1.23 ± 0.30 vs BG, 1.63 ± 0.20 vs WB, 1.50 ± 0.31 vs SCS, 1.97 ± 1.55; P = 0.03) after transplantation. In contrast, BG displayed lower aspartate aminotransferase levels during NEsLP (HA-D, 183 ± 53 IU/L vs BG, 142 ± 52 IU/L vs WB, 285 ± 74 IU/L; P = 0.01) and less cleaved-caspase-3 staining (HA-D, 2.05 ± 0.73% vs BG, 0.95 ± 1.14% vs WB, 1.74 ± 0.54% vs SCS, 7.95 ± 2.38%) compared with the other groups. On the other hand, the bile from the WB showed higher pH (HA-D, 7.54 ± 0.11 vs BG, 7.34 ± 0.37 vs WB, 7.59 ± 0.18) and lower glucose levels (HA-D, 0.38 ± 0.75 mmol/L vs BG, 1.42 ± 1.75 mmol/L vs WB, 0 ± 0 mmol/L) by the end of perfusion. Conclusions Overall HA-D displayed more physiologic conditions during NEsLP that were reflected in less graft injury and improved liver function and survival after transplantation. Optimization of the perfusates based on the beneficial effects found with these different solutions would potentially improve further the outcomes through the use of NEsLP in marginal grafts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere437
JournalTransplantation Direct
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

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Dextrans
Albumins
Swine
Perfusion
Gelatin
Transplants
Liver
dicarboxydine
Transplantation
Aspartate Aminotransferases
International Normalized Ratio
Hepatic Artery
Wounds and Injuries
Hyaluronic Acid
Bile
Caspase 3

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  • Journal Article

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Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model. / Linares-Cervantes, Ivan; Kollmann, Dagmar; Goto, Toru; Echeverri, Juan; Kaths, Johan Moritz; Hamar, Matyas; Urbanellis, Peter; Mazilescu, Laura; Rosales, Roizar; Bruguera, Claudia; Oquendo, Fabiola; Ganesh, Sujani; Adeyi, Oyedele A.; Yip, Paul; Selzner, Nazia; Selzner, Markus.

In: Transplantation Direct, Vol. 5, No. 4, e437, 01.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Linares-Cervantes, I, Kollmann, D, Goto, T, Echeverri, J, Kaths, JM, Hamar, M, Urbanellis, P, Mazilescu, L, Rosales, R, Bruguera, C, Oquendo, F, Ganesh, S, Adeyi, OA, Yip, P, Selzner, N & Selzner, M 2019, 'Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model', Transplantation Direct, vol. 5, no. 4, e437. https://doi.org/10.1097/TXD.0000000000000876
Linares-Cervantes, Ivan ; Kollmann, Dagmar ; Goto, Toru ; Echeverri, Juan ; Kaths, Johan Moritz ; Hamar, Matyas ; Urbanellis, Peter ; Mazilescu, Laura ; Rosales, Roizar ; Bruguera, Claudia ; Oquendo, Fabiola ; Ganesh, Sujani ; Adeyi, Oyedele A. ; Yip, Paul ; Selzner, Nazia ; Selzner, Markus. / Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model. In: Transplantation Direct. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 4.
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title = "Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model",
abstract = "Background Human albumin/dextran (HA-D), bovine-gelatin (BG), and packed red blood cells plus plasma have been used in European and North-American clinical trials of normothermic ex situ liver perfusion (NEsLP). We compared the effects of these perfusates in a porcine model during NEsLP and after transplantation. Methods Porcine livers were retrieved 30 minutes after circulatory death. After 5 hours of NEsLP, grafts were transplanted. Three groups (n = 6) were assessed (HA-D vs BG vs whole blood [WB]). One group of static cold storage (SCS) was evaluated for comparison with the perfusion groups. Hemodynamic variables, liver and endothelial injury, and function were assessed during NEsLP and posttransplantation. Results Hepatic artery flow was higher since the beginning of NEsLP in the HA-D group (HA-D, 238 ± 90 mL/min vs BG, 97 ± 33 mL/min vs WB, 148 ± 49 mL/min; P = 0.01). Hyaluronic acid was lower in the HA-D at the end of perfusion (HA-D, 16.28 ± 7.59 ng/μL vs BG, 76.05 ± 15.30 ng/μL vs WB, 114 ± 46 ng/μL; P < 0.001). After transplant, aspartate aminotransferase was decreased in the HA-D group when compared with the rest of the groups (HA-D, 444 ± 226 IU/L vs BG, 1033 ± 694 IU/L vs WB, 616 ± 444 IU/L vs SCS, 2235 ± 1878 IU/L). At 5 hours after transplant, lactate was lower in the HA-D group (HA-D, 3.88 ± 1.49 mmol/L vs BG, 7.79 ± 2.68 mmol/L vs WB, 8.16 ± 3.86 mmol/L vs SCS, 9.06 ± 3.54 mmol/L; P = 0.04). International Normalized Ratio was improved in HA-D group compared to the rest of the groups (HA-D, 1.23 ± 0.30 vs BG, 1.63 ± 0.20 vs WB, 1.50 ± 0.31 vs SCS, 1.97 ± 1.55; P = 0.03) after transplantation. In contrast, BG displayed lower aspartate aminotransferase levels during NEsLP (HA-D, 183 ± 53 IU/L vs BG, 142 ± 52 IU/L vs WB, 285 ± 74 IU/L; P = 0.01) and less cleaved-caspase-3 staining (HA-D, 2.05 ± 0.73{\%} vs BG, 0.95 ± 1.14{\%} vs WB, 1.74 ± 0.54{\%} vs SCS, 7.95 ± 2.38{\%}) compared with the other groups. On the other hand, the bile from the WB showed higher pH (HA-D, 7.54 ± 0.11 vs BG, 7.34 ± 0.37 vs WB, 7.59 ± 0.18) and lower glucose levels (HA-D, 0.38 ± 0.75 mmol/L vs BG, 1.42 ± 1.75 mmol/L vs WB, 0 ± 0 mmol/L) by the end of perfusion. Conclusions Overall HA-D displayed more physiologic conditions during NEsLP that were reflected in less graft injury and improved liver function and survival after transplantation. Optimization of the perfusates based on the beneficial effects found with these different solutions would potentially improve further the outcomes through the use of NEsLP in marginal grafts.",
author = "Ivan Linares-Cervantes and Dagmar Kollmann and Toru Goto and Juan Echeverri and Kaths, {Johan Moritz} and Matyas Hamar and Peter Urbanellis and Laura Mazilescu and Roizar Rosales and Claudia Bruguera and Fabiola Oquendo and Sujani Ganesh and Adeyi, {Oyedele A.} and Paul Yip and Nazia Selzner and Markus Selzner",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/TXD.0000000000000876",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
journal = "Transplantation Direct",
issn = "2373-8731",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Different Clinical Perfusates during Normothermic Ex Situ Liver Perfusion on Pig Liver Transplant Outcomes in a DCD Model

AU - Linares-Cervantes, Ivan

AU - Kollmann, Dagmar

AU - Goto, Toru

AU - Echeverri, Juan

AU - Kaths, Johan Moritz

AU - Hamar, Matyas

AU - Urbanellis, Peter

AU - Mazilescu, Laura

AU - Rosales, Roizar

AU - Bruguera, Claudia

AU - Oquendo, Fabiola

AU - Ganesh, Sujani

AU - Adeyi, Oyedele A.

AU - Yip, Paul

AU - Selzner, Nazia

AU - Selzner, Markus

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Background Human albumin/dextran (HA-D), bovine-gelatin (BG), and packed red blood cells plus plasma have been used in European and North-American clinical trials of normothermic ex situ liver perfusion (NEsLP). We compared the effects of these perfusates in a porcine model during NEsLP and after transplantation. Methods Porcine livers were retrieved 30 minutes after circulatory death. After 5 hours of NEsLP, grafts were transplanted. Three groups (n = 6) were assessed (HA-D vs BG vs whole blood [WB]). One group of static cold storage (SCS) was evaluated for comparison with the perfusion groups. Hemodynamic variables, liver and endothelial injury, and function were assessed during NEsLP and posttransplantation. Results Hepatic artery flow was higher since the beginning of NEsLP in the HA-D group (HA-D, 238 ± 90 mL/min vs BG, 97 ± 33 mL/min vs WB, 148 ± 49 mL/min; P = 0.01). Hyaluronic acid was lower in the HA-D at the end of perfusion (HA-D, 16.28 ± 7.59 ng/μL vs BG, 76.05 ± 15.30 ng/μL vs WB, 114 ± 46 ng/μL; P < 0.001). After transplant, aspartate aminotransferase was decreased in the HA-D group when compared with the rest of the groups (HA-D, 444 ± 226 IU/L vs BG, 1033 ± 694 IU/L vs WB, 616 ± 444 IU/L vs SCS, 2235 ± 1878 IU/L). At 5 hours after transplant, lactate was lower in the HA-D group (HA-D, 3.88 ± 1.49 mmol/L vs BG, 7.79 ± 2.68 mmol/L vs WB, 8.16 ± 3.86 mmol/L vs SCS, 9.06 ± 3.54 mmol/L; P = 0.04). International Normalized Ratio was improved in HA-D group compared to the rest of the groups (HA-D, 1.23 ± 0.30 vs BG, 1.63 ± 0.20 vs WB, 1.50 ± 0.31 vs SCS, 1.97 ± 1.55; P = 0.03) after transplantation. In contrast, BG displayed lower aspartate aminotransferase levels during NEsLP (HA-D, 183 ± 53 IU/L vs BG, 142 ± 52 IU/L vs WB, 285 ± 74 IU/L; P = 0.01) and less cleaved-caspase-3 staining (HA-D, 2.05 ± 0.73% vs BG, 0.95 ± 1.14% vs WB, 1.74 ± 0.54% vs SCS, 7.95 ± 2.38%) compared with the other groups. On the other hand, the bile from the WB showed higher pH (HA-D, 7.54 ± 0.11 vs BG, 7.34 ± 0.37 vs WB, 7.59 ± 0.18) and lower glucose levels (HA-D, 0.38 ± 0.75 mmol/L vs BG, 1.42 ± 1.75 mmol/L vs WB, 0 ± 0 mmol/L) by the end of perfusion. Conclusions Overall HA-D displayed more physiologic conditions during NEsLP that were reflected in less graft injury and improved liver function and survival after transplantation. Optimization of the perfusates based on the beneficial effects found with these different solutions would potentially improve further the outcomes through the use of NEsLP in marginal grafts.

AB - Background Human albumin/dextran (HA-D), bovine-gelatin (BG), and packed red blood cells plus plasma have been used in European and North-American clinical trials of normothermic ex situ liver perfusion (NEsLP). We compared the effects of these perfusates in a porcine model during NEsLP and after transplantation. Methods Porcine livers were retrieved 30 minutes after circulatory death. After 5 hours of NEsLP, grafts were transplanted. Three groups (n = 6) were assessed (HA-D vs BG vs whole blood [WB]). One group of static cold storage (SCS) was evaluated for comparison with the perfusion groups. Hemodynamic variables, liver and endothelial injury, and function were assessed during NEsLP and posttransplantation. Results Hepatic artery flow was higher since the beginning of NEsLP in the HA-D group (HA-D, 238 ± 90 mL/min vs BG, 97 ± 33 mL/min vs WB, 148 ± 49 mL/min; P = 0.01). Hyaluronic acid was lower in the HA-D at the end of perfusion (HA-D, 16.28 ± 7.59 ng/μL vs BG, 76.05 ± 15.30 ng/μL vs WB, 114 ± 46 ng/μL; P < 0.001). After transplant, aspartate aminotransferase was decreased in the HA-D group when compared with the rest of the groups (HA-D, 444 ± 226 IU/L vs BG, 1033 ± 694 IU/L vs WB, 616 ± 444 IU/L vs SCS, 2235 ± 1878 IU/L). At 5 hours after transplant, lactate was lower in the HA-D group (HA-D, 3.88 ± 1.49 mmol/L vs BG, 7.79 ± 2.68 mmol/L vs WB, 8.16 ± 3.86 mmol/L vs SCS, 9.06 ± 3.54 mmol/L; P = 0.04). International Normalized Ratio was improved in HA-D group compared to the rest of the groups (HA-D, 1.23 ± 0.30 vs BG, 1.63 ± 0.20 vs WB, 1.50 ± 0.31 vs SCS, 1.97 ± 1.55; P = 0.03) after transplantation. In contrast, BG displayed lower aspartate aminotransferase levels during NEsLP (HA-D, 183 ± 53 IU/L vs BG, 142 ± 52 IU/L vs WB, 285 ± 74 IU/L; P = 0.01) and less cleaved-caspase-3 staining (HA-D, 2.05 ± 0.73% vs BG, 0.95 ± 1.14% vs WB, 1.74 ± 0.54% vs SCS, 7.95 ± 2.38%) compared with the other groups. On the other hand, the bile from the WB showed higher pH (HA-D, 7.54 ± 0.11 vs BG, 7.34 ± 0.37 vs WB, 7.59 ± 0.18) and lower glucose levels (HA-D, 0.38 ± 0.75 mmol/L vs BG, 1.42 ± 1.75 mmol/L vs WB, 0 ± 0 mmol/L) by the end of perfusion. Conclusions Overall HA-D displayed more physiologic conditions during NEsLP that were reflected in less graft injury and improved liver function and survival after transplantation. Optimization of the perfusates based on the beneficial effects found with these different solutions would potentially improve further the outcomes through the use of NEsLP in marginal grafts.

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