Impact of atrazine exposure on the microbial community structure in a Brazilian tropical latosol soil

Ana Flavia Tonelli Fernandes, Ping Wang, Christopher Staley, Jéssica Aparecida Silva Moretto, Lucas Miguel Altarugio, Sarah Chagas Campanharo, Eliana Guedes Stehling, Michael Jay Sadowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Atrazine is a triazine herbicide that is widely used to control broadleaf weeds. Its widespread use over the last 50 years has led to the potential contamination of soils, groundwater, rivers, and lakes. Its main route of complete degradation is via biological means, which is carried out by soil microbiota using a 6-step pathway. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether application of atrazine to soil changes the soil bacterial community. We used 16S rRNA gene sequencing and qPCR to elucidate the microbial community structure and assess the abundance of the atrazine degradation genes atzA, atzD, and trzN in a Brazilian soil. The results obtained showed that the relative abundance of atzA and trzN, encoding triazine-initiating metabolism in Gram-negative and -positive bacteria, respectively, increased in soil during the first weeks following the application of atrazine. In contrast, the abundance of atzD, encoding cyanuric acid amidohydrolase -the fourth step in the pathway-was not related to the atrazine treatment. Moreover, the overall soil bacterial community showed no significant changes after the application of atrazine. Despite this, we observed increases in the relative abundance of bacterial families in the 4th and 8th weeks following the atrazine treatment, which may have been related to higher copy numbers of atzA and trzN, in part due to the release of nitrogen from the herbicide. The present results revealed that while the application of atrazine may temporarily increase the quantities of the atzA and trzN genes in a Brazilian Red Latosol soil, it does not lead to significant and long-term changes in the bacterial community structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberME19143
JournalMicrobes and environments
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • 16S rRNA gene sequencing
  • atzA
  • atzD
  • qPCR
  • trz

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of atrazine exposure on the microbial community structure in a Brazilian tropical latosol soil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Fernandes, A. F. T., Wang, P., Staley, C., Moretto, J. A. S., Altarugio, L. M., Campanharo, S. C., Stehling, E. G., & Sadowsky, M. J. (2020). Impact of atrazine exposure on the microbial community structure in a Brazilian tropical latosol soil. Microbes and environments, 35(2), [ME19143]. https://doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.ME19143