Immunohistochemical and histochemical characterization of intraosseous arteriovenous malformations of the jaws: analysis of 16 cases with emphasis on GLUT-1 immunophenotype

Reda Taleb, Ioannis G. Koutlas, Prokopios P. Argyris

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Intraosseous vascular lesions of the craniofacial region are rare and may cause diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The purpose of this study was to characterize 16 cases of intraosseous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) affecting the jaws. Study Design Immunohistochemical evaluation was performed using antibodies against α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, CD31, D2-40, and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1). Staining with elastic Verhoeff-Van Gieson and Masson trichrome histochemical stains was also performed. Results No gender predilection (female:male ratio = 1:1) was observed, with patients' mean age being 50.8 years (SD of ±13.9; range 28-71 years). Predilection for the mandible was observed (12 of 16 [75%]). Immunohistochemically, diffuse endothelial CD31 staining was noted, and α-SMA strongly highlighted smooth muscle cells and pericytes. Desmin-positive vessels were identified in 9 of 16 AVMs (56.3%). D2-40 was uniformly negative in all specimens. AVMs were negative for GLUT-1 (11 of 14 [78.6%]) except for 2 cases (2 of 14 [14.3%]) exhibiting focal limited cytoplasmic GLUT-1 immunoreactivity. One case was equivocal for GLUT-1. Masson trichrome highlighted smooth muscle cells, and elastic fibers were identified in thick-walled arteries. Conclusions AVMs of the jaws generally lack expression of GLUT-1, similar to soft tissue vascular malformations. Clinicoradiographic features of intraosseous AVMs in the present study were consistent with the findings of previous studies, although mean age was higher.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

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