Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes have been implicated in cancer risk and shared heritability of different types of cancer. In this immunogenetic epidemiological study we first computed a Cancer-HLA profile for 30 cancer types characterized by the correlation between the prevalence of each cancer and the population frequency of 127 HLA alleles, and then used multidimensional scaling to evaluate the possible clustering of those Cancer-HLA associations. The results indicated the presence of three clusters, broadly reflecting digestive-skin-cervical cancers, reproductive and endocrine systems cancers, and brain and androgen-associated cancers. The clustering of cancer types documented here is discussed in terms of mechanisms underlying shared Cancer-HLA associations.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Partial funding for this study was provided by the University of Minnesota (the Anita Kunin Chair in Women's Healthy Brain Aging, the Brain and Genomics Fund, the McKnight Presidential Chair of Cognitive Neuroscience, and the American Legion Brain Sciences Chair) and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The sponsors had no role in the current study design, analysis or interpretation, or in the writing of this paper. The contents do not represent the views of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government.
© 2022, The Author(s).
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.