Immune response modulation by colonization of germfree rats with Propionibacterium acnes.

C. L. Wells, E. Balish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Propionibacterium acnes (oral and/or parenteral administration) had a modulating effect on antibody-and cell-mediated immune responses of germfree (GF) and monoassociated (MA) rats. In conventionally reared rodents, parenteral injection of killed P. acnes stimulated the splenic plaque-forming cell response to sheep erythrocytes. However, in GF rats and in rats monoassociated with viable P. acnes, parenteral injection of killed P. acnes antigen inhibited the plaque-forming cell response to sheep erythrocytes. When compared with the responses of GF control rats, splenocytes from GF rats parenterally injected with P. acnes antigen had a decreased in vitro blastogenic response to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A and an increased blastogenic response to homologous bacterial antigens. Conversely, a parenteral injection of P. acnes antigen into P. acnes MA rats resulted in an increased splenocyte blastogenic response to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A but not to homologous (P. acnes) antigens. Thus the presence or absence of intestinal antigenic stimuli (in MA and GF rats) had a modulating effect on the immune response to a parenteral injection of P. acnes antigen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-478
Number of pages6
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1 1979

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