Introduction: The Nit-Occlud PDA device is a newer coil-type device with a high degree of efficacy and safety. There are concerns about the high incidence of immediate angiographic residual shunt with this device. Aim: To compare immediate angiographic residual shunts and their outcomes following PDA device closure with the Nit-Occlud device. Material and methods: A single-institution, retrospective chart review of PDA closures was performed. Thirty patients who underwent Nit-Occlud PDA closure were compared with 34 patients who underwent PDA closure with an Amplatzer Duct Occluder-1 (ADO-1) and 25 patients who underwent PDA closure with coils. Results: The three groups were similar in age, weight, and procedural characteristics. The PDA dimensions were smaller in the coils group. Technical success in the ADO-1 and Nit-Occlud groups was 100%. A small angiographic residual shunt was seen more often in the Nit-Occlud group (70%) than in the ADO-1 (59%) and coils (26%) groups (p = 0.005). Most residual shunts in the Nit-Occlud group disappeared in the echocardiogram performed 4 h later (90% echocardiographic closure). Echocardiographic closure (100%) was seen at 2 months and 6 months in the Nit-Occlud group. No correlation was noted between the angiographic residual shunt and Nit-Occlud device orientation with respect to the ductus, the device-ductal angle or the number of loops at the pulmonary artery end. Conclusions: Despite the higher immediate angiographic residual shunt rate in the Nit-Occlud group than the other groups, high echocardiographic closure rates were seen within hours after device closure, which persisted at follow-up. The angiographic residual shunt is not related to the device orientation and should not be a deterrent in using this device.
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- Nit-Occlud device
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Residual shunt
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article