Imaging vascular mechanics using ultrasound: Phantom and in vivo results

Yayun Wan, Dalong Liu, Emad S Ebbini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We introduce a new method for simultaneous imaging of tissue motion and flow with subsample accuracy in both axial and lateral directions. The method utilizes a phase-coupled 2D speckle tracking approach, which employs the true 2D complex cross correlation to find subpixel displacements in both axial and lateral directions. We have also modified the imaging sequence on a Sonix RP scanner to allow high frame rate 2D data collection in a limited field of view covering the region of interest (M2D-mode). Together with the robust 2D speckle tracking method, M2D imaging allows for capturing the full dynamics of the flow and wall/tissue motion, even when the flow is primarily in the lateral direction (with respect to the imaging beam). The fine vector displacement estimates in both axial and lateral directions are shown to allow for smooth and contiguous strain and shear strain calculations with minimal filtering. The quality of the displacement and strain fields is demonstrated by experimental results from a flow phantom (ATS Model 524) and in vivo images of the carotid artery in a healthy volunteer. The results clearly demonstrate the feasibility of simultaneous imaging of the vector flow field and the wall/tissue motion and the corresponding strains at high spatial and temporal sampling. This may provide an essential tool in modeling the fluid-solid interactions between the blood and blood vessel, a key challenge in vascular biomechanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2010 7th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Nano to Macro, ISBI 2010 - Proceedings
Pages980-983
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2010
Event7th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2010 - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Apr 14 2010Apr 17 2010

Other

Other7th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, ISBI 2010
CountryNetherlands
CityRotterdam
Period4/14/104/17/10

Keywords

  • 2D speckle tracking
  • Flow channels
  • Motion detection
  • Tissue mechanics

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